THE RABBIT DEMYSTIFIED

Of all the NACs (new pets) we see regularly at the clinic, rabbits are now the most common. Its popularity is not difficult to understand. It is a charming animal, intelligent and an excellent pet. However, many new rabbit owners are sometimes disappointed by their new acquisition. Mostly because they were not properly informed about this long-eared mammal. The House Rabbit Society (http://www.rabbit.org/) has published a document that demystifies several misconceptions about rabbits. This international non-profit organization aims to save abandoned rabbits and educate the public about rabbit behavior and care. Here we have highlighted a few misconceptions.3A6AD3C3-A343-4847-957C-014CC63F5A1D

1. Rabbits are animals that require little maintenance.

Although rabbit owners do not have to make them walk like dog owners must do with their pet, it is wrong to think that rabbits do not require care. Their cages must be cleaned every day and fresh vegetables must be offered to them. They need exercise every day and they have to be brushed frequently … In short, they require a lot of attention from their owners.

2. The longevity of the rabbits is short and consequently the implication of the owners is minimal.

Our clients are often surprised when we tell them that their rabbit will live between 7 to 10 years. Many of our patients are over twelve years old. It can be compared  with the longevity of some breeds of dogs.

3. Rabbits do not require veterinary care.

Nothing is more wrong. Rabbits of both sexes must be sterilized. Annual reviews are essential to avoid health problems that could jeopardize their survival. Dental problems are not uncommon, especially in older individuals.

4. Rabbits are happier in a hutch outside the house.

During the summer season, several rabbit owners will install them in pens in the back garden of the house. These rabbits are often forgotten or neglected. They can, just like us , be sensible to extreme temperatures, mosquitoes and ticks. They can also be attack by wild animals. 

5. Rabbits are not “clean” animals and have a strong odor.

Rabbits are as clean as cats and wash constantly. Once sterilized, they do not give off any odor. They may be trained to go to a litter box as long as it is clean and inviting.

6. Rabbits love cuddles.

Although many rabbits “tolerate” manipulations, many hate being held. About ten years ago, we had a rabbit as a mascot at the clinic. Gaston was as affectionate as a cat or a dog. When we arrived at the clinic in the morning, he was frolicking around us. He was overjoyed to see us everyday. But  if you tried to pick him up  it made him furious. Not exactly the candidate for someone who wants to cuddle their pet.

7. Rabbits can live in small cages.

Rabbits have muscled hind legs, made to run (and save themselves …). As a result, they need a lot of space to exercise.

8. Rabbits can be left alone for a few days when the owners are outside.

Rabbits need daily supervision. A small diarrhea that would be benign for a cat or dog can be quickly fatal for a rabbit. The loss of appetite, even for 24-48 hours can be fatal for a rabbit. During weekend absences, rabbits should be left in a boarding house or veterinary clinic where staff are familiar with rabbits.

9. The diet of rabbits is simple: a bowl of mold and a carrot from time to time.

The most important food for rabbits is hay. It should be offered freely. Fresh green leafy vegetables are also very important. The feed should only be available in very small quantities.

If all future rabbit owners were aware of these basic facts about their future pet, they would realize that Bugs Bunny is not unlike Garfield !

If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the Clinic’s medical team (514-634-4190), who will be happy to assist you.

About the Clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers unparalleled personalized service to pet owners in Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe-Claire, as well as throughout the West Island of Montreal ( West Island) and Laval, since 1982.

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USE OF CANNABIS BASED MEDICATION FOR ANIMALS AND THE TOXIC EFFECTS OF SECONDHAND SMOKE ON OUR PETS

Unless you are living under a rock,everyone in Canada is aware that recreational use of cannabis has been legalized and many people are hoping they can use cannabis to treat their sick pets.

Some quick corrections need to be made and that is what we, at Clinique Vétérinaire Lachine want to do at this time. Our medical team is comprised of doctors.animal technicians,reception desk clerks and other support staff and we want to get our point across

IS THERE CANNABIS BASED MEDICATION CURRENTLY AVAILABLE IN CANADA?65975C49-5DF6-44FE-8683-D3A4D7D70741

Even if some preparations are currently waiting to be approved by Heath Canada DMV’s .No current cannabis based product (THC or CBD) is approved currently under Canadian law.Here is a resume of the actual process for drugs to be approved by the Canadian Veterinary Association DMV :

-Armed with fondamental and clinical research results ,a given company will ask for a revision and approval of a given drug by the veterinary medication board of Health Canada

-If the board judges that the new medication and reseach is adequat they will release a DIN (drug identification number)

– Then and only then ,can a given company start to advertise and distribute a new drug.

VETERINARY USE OF NON-APPROVED ANIMAL MEDICATION

In certain cases, vetenarians have the right to make prescriptions of not yet approved animal medication.

In these cases,provincial laws dictate that the animal owner must be advised that the given medicine is not approved by Health Canada and that it’s effects are based on available acientific data.

La clinique vétérinaire Lachine is a prime example of these situations :

No current approved medication exist for the majority of our prized patients : exotic pets and birds.

The good news is that current scientific litterature is filled with articles concerning these breeds complete with recommended use and dosage of the available medication. We make it our duty to inform our clients.

THE RISKS OF USING NON-APPROVED CANNABIS BASED MEDECINE ON YOUR PETS.

To this day,there is very little available scientific literature that justify cannabis based medication for our pets.

This practice is not done out of spite but because of the very scarse information currently available. So la Clinique Vétérinaire Lachine (and others) will continue to not recommend cannabis based medication for their patients.

There is no knowledge available on recommended dosages,active agents,bio availability and THC/CBD ratios that are different for every species.

PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE.

Until science can confirm the beneficial effects of cannabis based medication ,veterinarians will continue to not prescribe cannabis based medication for pets until approved medication is available .Veterinarians will continue to recommend approved non cannabis based medication.

If you consume cannabis or cannabis based products yourself, be very careful and make sure to store it away from your pets. EVEN BEFORE it’s current legal state, cannabis consumption was the third highest cause of intoxication in dogs. (2017) in Quebec.

Eatables Products like brownies and muffins are prime culprits for pet intoxication and are usually rich in THC.

Again please take every possible precautions to keep these tempting products away from your pets. Better to be safe than sorry.

If you suspect that your pet as ingested cannabis or cannabis based products please consult your veterinarian.  The same can be said if you ever need additionnal information to keep your pet safe.

If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the Clinic’s medical team (514-634-4190), who will be happy to assist you.

About the Clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers unparalleled personalized service to pet owners in Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe-Claire, as well as throughout the West Island of Montreal ( West Island) and Laval, since 1982.

MENTAL STIMULATION IN PETS

INTRODUCTION

Few people realize it, but mental stimulation is very important tomanimals.
Boredom is the worst enemy of pets, especially dogs, cats and birds. A lack of exercise and mental stimulation is often the cause of behavioral problems like:
o excessive barking
o Destruction
o Pica (ingestion of inedible items)
o Feather destruction behavior (chronic pecking)
o Compulsive / obsessive behaviors: excessive licking in cats for example.

Some animals need more stimulation and more exercise than others like:
o Hunting dogs (eg German pointer)
o Shepherd dogs (eg border collie)
o Some breeds of cats such as Siamese and Bengals
o Some parrot breeds such as African Gray, Macaws, Lovebirds, Cockatoos

These are just a few examples and there are also individuals who at first sight do not seem to require much stimulation, but who ask a lot.

There are two main ways to stimulate animals: exercise and play. Sometimes the game is the actual exercise.

EXAMPLES OF DOG GAMES

On the Montreal SPCA blog, you can find the title of ten games for your dog (see link), it is mentioned that in terms of energy expenditure, 15 minutes of mental stimulation is equivalent to 1 hour of running for your dog!
Unfortunately we could not validate this information, but it is nevertheless interesting. It’s a bit hard to believe to compare 60 minutes of jogging for a human (540 calories) with 15 minutes of Scrabble.

So here are 3 examples of games, taken from the SPCA blog

1. Food dispensing ball: it is a ball with holes, which is filled with food (croquettes). At first, we fill the ball so that the dog learns quickly how it works, then we can put the portion that should be eaten for the chosen period of time.

2. The pinata for dogs. Place kibbles in an empty container (eg, milk carton or roll of toilet paper). Make sure the dog does not eat cardboard and all openings are clogged.

3. Hide and Seek: Show your dog his favorite treat, then hide it in an easily accessible place, for example in the corner of a room to start, then behind a door.

There are seven other examples. It is mentioned at the end of the article to watch your dog when he plays with objects so that he does not ingest materials. If your pet is possessive with his food, keep strangers or children away during this type of activity.

EXAMPLES OF CAT GAMES

Here are 3 examples of cat games from the SPCA blog (see link for details).

The cat is a mainly nocturnal animal and therefore must be offered activities during the day so that it sleeps at night.6B3A7637-85C1-4724-B4AF-E6C7FA526FBF

1. Toys Aïkiou: Fill the toy with croquettes or canned food. To make the task more difficult, freeze it before giving it to your cat or hang it on a doorknob with a rope.

2. The SlimCat dispenser ball: same principle as for dogs. The first time, fill the ball with kibble to the brim so that it comes out easily when your cat operates it.After a while, your pet will have fun alone for long periods.

In the same vein, there is a game that is made in the shape of a pierced cylinder and whose name is Pipolino.

3. Frolicat Flik (a rope that mimics the movement of a mouse’s tail) and the Frolicat Pounce (imitates the movement of a mouse running in circles).

EXAMPLES OF GAMES FOR PARROTS

1. Transparent ball with holes, in which a stimulating reward is placed (seeds, peanuts, dried fruit …). This ball is attached by a safe chain above the cage and hangs near a perch.

2. Piece of untreated white pine, of the appropriate size for the target bird, into which holes are drilled and seeds mixed with peanut butter are inserted into the holes.

EXAMPLES OF GAMES FOR RABBITS

1. Timoty Club Bungalow from Oxbow Company: House for Rabbit Braided in Hay. In addition to being able to hide, the rabbit can nibble.

2. Simply take the rabbit out of his cage (under supervision) and hide his favorite food. Same principle as the game of hiding with your dog mentioned for dogs.

CONCLUSION

For neophytes, it may seem ridiculous to buy toys to mentally stimulate your pet, whatever it is. Know that it is the same for zoological garden animals and God knows that these animals need a lot of mental stimulation to make them forget their captivity.

USEFUL LINKS

How to occupy your cat
https://blogue.spca.com/2018/03/06/comment-occuper-votre-chat/

Ten games to keep your dog busy
https://blogue.spca.com/2018/02/20/dix-jeux-pour-occuper-votre-chien/

Aïkiou
https://aikiou.com/fr/

If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the Clinic’s medical team (514-634-4190), who will be happy to assist you.

About the Clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers unparalleled personalized service to pet owners in Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe-Claire, as well as throughout the West Island of Montreal ( West Island) and Laval, since 1982.

SWIMMING WITH DOGS DURING SUMMER

INTRODUCTION

Summer is here and it means summer vacations. Many dog ​​owners will bring their companion with them. Many will have as destination, a resort area with a lake or even a beach. Other lucky ones, will enjoy the family pool.
Can swimming in open water or in swimming pools cause health problems for dogs?

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

Not all dogs are as skilled in the water and many are not good swimmers.
• Ex .: Dachshund (dog sausage) and the Bulldogs. Dachshunds have very small legs, which does not allow them to have optimal swimming.
Not all dogs will necessarily like to swim, so you sometimes have to get used to them gradually, using positive reinforcement.

Some brachycephalic breeds (flat nose, partially obstructed airways) have more difficulty coping with swimming.
• Ex .: English bulldog, pug.

Flotation Jackets:
• They are essential if your dog accompanies you by boat, whether in a lake or on the sea.
• They are particularly important for certain dog breeds that are not known to be good swimmers: short-nosed breeds, English and French Bulldogs, Pekinese, pugs …
• Even for good swimmers, an accident can occur in the middle of the night or even in daylight if the body of water is agitated.
• Be careful when the water is very cold, like in many rivers in the Laurentians. Dogs that stay too long may suffer from hypothermia and drowning may occur.
• Flotation jackets are essential for rivers, especially if the current is powerful.

FRESH WATER (LAKES AND RIVERS)

Blue algae
Especially observed later in the summer ,when it gets very hot and water levels drop. Ingestion of these algae can be toxic or even fatal for dogs who drink contaminated water.
You should always have water to drink for your dog. The better he is hydrated, the less he will feel the need to drink water from the lake or the river.

Bacteria
There are often surface bacteria in the lakes ,in very hot weather, bacteria can make our dogs sick (eg faecal coliforms).
Most provinces have websites that allow people to check the quality levels before going for a swim. The Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment and the Fight Against Climate Change Québec has a website to inform swimmers about the quality of water (the link will be posted on the show’s website).

Otitis
After swimming, it is recommended to clean the animal’s ears with a cleaning solution and to dry the ears well. We use cotton wool.

Rinsing
Whenever possible, it is always a good idea to rinse the dog with fresh water (to remove bacteria and pathogenic algae) and then dry the dog thoroughly.
A dog that stays wet for a long time is predisposed to getting skin infections.
Before leaving the lake, we use towels and we dry as much as possible (so you must pack accordingly) and then complete at home with a hairdryer.

SALT WATER

It takes a lot of fresh water to properly hydrate the animal.
Saltwater consumption causes diarrhea and salt can cause even more severe dehydration.
So you have to prevent the consumption of salt water by offering fresh water to drink. Your dog should be encouraged to drink fresh water as often as possible (at least every 20 minutes), especially during hot weather.
Have “hydration” breaks every 20 minutes.

Post-swim rinse
Everyone who was lucky enough to go to the sea knows it. After a day of swimming, our skin is a bit sticky because of salt and sand. It’s the same for our dogs, so it’s a good idea to rinse your dog at the end of the day and then dry it as I mentioned earlier.

Otitis
Same recommendation as for swimming in fresh water. After swimming, it is recommended to clean the ears with a cleaning solution for the ears of animals and to dry the ears well. We use cotton wool.

POOLS

Consider this ,dogs are not as clean as humans. Some may disagree 🙂 .Long haired breeds often have small debris stuck by their backside area (fecal matter,dirt,urine etc) which can contaminate a pool real fast….especially if those same animals are not treated for parasites. Staying on top of your pool water quality and filtration is a must.5E7CED70-2E59-4113-BA77-F4EEDB004462

That being said, according to Dr. Scott Weese of the University of Guelph, the risks of contamination are quite low. According to him, a dog is much less likely to do his needs in a swimming pool than a young child …
(DVM DVSc DipACVIM is a Veterinary Intern and Microbiologist, Diplomat of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Professor at the Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, and Microbiologist in Public Health. and zoonoses at the University of Guelph’s Center for Public Health and Zoonoses, and Head of Infection Control at the Ontario Veterinary University Hospital and Canada Research Chair in Zoonotic Diseases) .
Still according to Dr. Weese, one should not let a dog who vomits, has diarrhea or has a skin infection, swim in the family pool.

Chlorine
Specialists mention that it is possible to maintain a good quality of pool water, without exaggerating with the use of chlorine. Water should be tested more often. Be sure to maintain pH levels between 7.2 and 7.6 to maximize chlorine efficiency.
Like us, dogs can be sensitive to chlorine in pool water and can cause conjunctivitis (red eyes, usually transient) and dermatitis (inflammation of the skin).
So again, rinse the dog after swimming.

Pool latters versus stairways
Like with children,dogs can easily fall into pools by accident(like trying to reach a floating toy). Many pools are not equiped with stairways permitting a fallen dog,means to escape which can then lead to potential drownings. One must show his dog how to get out of the pool. No easy task here. Otitis/rincing and drying solutions are the same as mentionned above.

Useful links

Provincial water quality sites

http://www.mddelcc.gouv.qc.ca/eau/recreative/qualite.htm

Dogs and swimming pools
https://www.wormsandgermsblog.com/2009/07/articles/animals/dogs/dogs-and-swimming-pools/

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

 

DIABETES MELLITUS IN PETS

INTRODUCTION

November is Diabetes Awareness Month for pets. Diabetes mellitus is a well-known disease in humans. Few people know that it can touch our four-legged friends too!

WHAT IS DIABETES MELLITUS?

Diabetes is a hormonal disease, due to a lack or insufficient action of insulin, which regulates the blood sugar level.

Glucose, a vital source of energy for the body

Dogs and cats find in their diet , sugars  which are transformed into glucose during the digestion. Glucose then passes in the bloodstream and  used as an essential energy source for all organs. Normally, this  is allowed by insulin, a hormone that passes glucose from the blood to the cells that make up the organs.

When insulin fails or does not work properly, glucose can not get into the cells, which then denies, those same cells, access to their main fuel. Glucose then accumulates in the blood, which is at the origin of various health disorders for  diabetic animals.

WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF DIABETES IN PETS?insulin-syringe-2129490_960_720

In humans, diabetes is divided into two forms: Type I and Type II.

These are also called juvenile diabetes and adult diabetes, or insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes.

In short, type 1 is the type where the pancreas produces no insulin (dogs), and in type 2, the pancreas produces insulin, but not enough  or there is interference with its effectiveness (cats).

Certain endocrine conditions such as Cushing’s disease ( where the adrenal glands  secrete too much cortisol) and certain medications (cortisone) can promote the onset of diabetes.

RISK FACTORS

While diabetes has been diagnosed in dogs and cats of all ages, sexes and breeds, some animals are more at risk of developing the disease.

RISK FACTORS IN DOGS

  • Age (middle to older dogs are most affected)
  • Unsterilized females
  • Genetics
  • Obesity
  • Specific breeds : These breeds present a higher risk of developing diabetes:
  1. Cocker Spaniels
  2. Dachshunds
  3. Doberman Pinschers
  4. German Shepherds
  5. Golden Retrievers
  6. Labrador Retrievers
  7. Pomeranians
  8. Terriers
  9. Toy poodles

RISK FACTOR IN CATS

  • Age (older cats are more sensitive)
  • Sterilized males
  • Genetics
  • Other conditions or conditions that may cause insulin reduction or resistance such as chronic pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) or hyperthyroidism (overproduction of thyroid hormones)
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF DIABETES IN DOGS AND CATS?

Thus, the main clinical signs of diabetes mellitus are:

  • Eating excessively
  • Drinking excessively
  • Excessive urination
  • Weight loss (over an extended period of time …)

The signs are sometimes subtle in cats.

A plantigrade walk  (compared to a normal swift walk)  is sometimes observed in cats.

DO DIABETES HAVE CONSEQUENCES FOR THE HEALTH AND LONGEVITY OF MY ANIMAL? (In short, are we obligated to treat?)

Without proper treatment, diabetes mellitus can cause serious complications. Let’s mention the most common ones:

  • Cataracts (can lead to blindness)
  • Urinary tract infections (recurrent)
  • Coma and even death

TREATMENT

First thing to know, oral hypoglycemic agents are not very effective in animals. So very little are used in veterinary medicine.

The main treatment is insulin, which must be injected every 12 hours, sometimes for the life of the animal (although cures are possible in cats).

Glucose curves should be performed regularly, ideally by the owner at home, or at the clinic.

Exercise (dog).

FOOD CHANGES MUST ME MADE:

Dogs: diets  low in calories and high in fiber

Cats: diets rich in protein and low in carbohydrates.

PREVENTION

Considering that obesity is a significant risk factor for the onset of diabetes, keeping your pet at a healthy weight is a simple and very effective procedure.

CONCLUSION

Managing your dog’s or cat’s diabetes will require effort, but the rewards are worth it. Once controlled, thirst urination, appetite, and activity level return to normal and they are less likely to develop complications related to this disease.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

PROTECTING FIVE FREEDOMS TO ENSURE ANIMAL WELFARE

Introduction

Every year for more than 30 years , the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association has organized Animal Life Week. This year, it will be held from October 1st to 7th .

This year’s theme highlights the five fundamental freedoms that animals need to survive and thrive.

This year’s theme is an opportunity to remind animal owners (not just pets) of the fundamentals they must provide to the animals entrusted to their care to ensure they lead a happy and healthy life.SEMAINE VIE ANIMALE

Even though many think they know the factors that can make a pet happy, it is good to be reminded of them from time to time and Animal Life Week is a good opportunity to do so.

What is the origin of the five freedoms?

According to the OIE (World Organization for Animal Health), animal welfare “refers to the way in which an animal evolves in the conditions that surrounds it”.

The OIE guidelines on animal welfare also refer to the universally recognized “five fundamental freedoms” laid down in 1965 to describe the rights of animals under human responsibility.

In 2002, at the request of its Member States (including Canada), and recognizing that animal health is a fundamental component of their well-being, the OIE expanded its mandate to include standards on the well- being.

The first OIE intergovernmental standards on animal welfare were published in 2005.

The standards adopted focus on the welfare of terrestrial animals and farmed fish in specific configurations.

They are regularly updated as scientific knowledge evolves.

OIE standards are adopted by consensus at the World Assembly of National Delegates of the OIE, which means that all Member States undertake to apply them at national level, disregarding each state’s cultural and economic situation.

The Five Animal Freedoms

Pet owners can protect the Five Animal Freedoms by:

  1. Providing appropriate nutrition

Prevent hunger and thirst by providing fresh water and food to ensure vigorous health.

  1. Providing appropriate socialization

Give the opportunity to spend time with or without members of their species according to their needs.

  1. Providing appropriate accommodation

Provide a suitable environment that includes a shelter and a comfortable rest area to avoid discomfort.

  1. Providing appropriate veterinary care

Promote the absence of pain, injury or illness through prevention or prompt diagnosis and treatment.

  1. Allowing animals to behave normally

Promote the ability to express normal behavior by providing adequate space, adequate facilities, tools and accessories, and by not punishing animals when they exhibit undesirable behavior.

Conclusion

You want your animals to be happy? You must then protect their five fundamental freedoms.

All provinces have organizations that promote and protect animal welfare. Most of these organizations are underfunded and require volunteers and donations. Do not hesitate to support them.

 Useful links

OIE Animal welfare

http://www.oie.int/fr/bien-etre-animal/la-sante-animale-dun-coup-doeil/

Canadian Veterinary Medical Association: Animal Health Week 2017

https://www.veterinairesaucanada.net/practice-economics/animal-health-week-current

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

 

 

POISONOUS DRUGS FOR YOUR PETS

INTRODUCTION

According to data from Statistics Canada , between 2007 and 2011, 41% of Canadians took at least one prescription drug daily. This percentage tends to increase with age: up to 83% among the 65 to 79 years old group and this is without taking into account the consumption of drugs that are over-the-counter.

Although several drugs are used  in both human and veterinary medicine, the doses and effects are not the same.

Around ¼ of the calls received by the Animal Poison Control Center at the US SPCA (Poison Control Center for Animals) concern the ingestion of human drugs by pets.

There are no statistics or similar agencies in Canada, but the number of calls received by veterinary establishments on a daily basis suggests that animal poisoning cases caused by the  ingestion of  human drugs are as frequent in Canada as they are in the US (  always proportional to the population of each country) .

pills-2607338_960_720

So today, veterinarians from the Lachine veterinary clinic will review 5 drugs frequently consumed by people that are frequently involved in poisoning cases with pets.

 

1. IBUPROPHEN (eg ADVIL®, MOTRIN®)

The latter is the most commonly used human medication ingested by pets. Many brands have a sweet exterior coating that makes them attractive to animals (think “M & M”, but potentially deadly). Ibuprofen can cause stomach ulcers and kidney failure.

A  dose of 125-175mg / kg is reported toxic for pets. So a 10 kg dog who ingests 6 Advil Liquigel ® (200 mg) or 3 Advil Arthritis Pain (400 mg) may die.

In the same family, there is also Naproxen (Aleve ®, Naprosyn ®) which is another over – the – counter pain reliever. Dogs and cats are very sensitive to naproxen and even small amounts can cause stomach ulcers and kidney failure.

2. TRAMADOL (EX .: ULTRAM®)

Tramadol (Ultram®) is an analgesic. It is a drug that is frequently prescribed by veterinarians, especially for dogs and cats that are sensitive to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

If you have this drug in your possession, do not make the mistake of giving it to your pet without first consulting your veterinarian! Too much tramadol can cause sedation or agitation, distress, disorientation, vomiting, tremors and possibly convulsions.

Tramadol is sometimes mixed with acetaminophen (generic companies like Apo, Teva and Priva produce these) and can also be toxic to pets, especially cats.

3. ACETAMINOPHENE (eg TYLENOL®)

Acetaminophen is a popular analgesic / antipyretic drug in Canada, especially in families with young children. Cats are extremely sensitive to acetaminophen, but dogs can also be affected. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage. This can also cause damage to your pet’s red blood cells, which prevents them from carrying oxygen. This can cause the death of the animal.

In cats, a dose as low as 45 mg can be fatal.

A Tylenol® Children’s Chewable Tablet contains 160 mg of acetaminophen!

In dogs, toxic liver disease can occur at doses of 75-100 mg / kg

For a 10 kg dog, 3 regular Tylenol® (325 mg) or 2 extra-strong Tylenol® (500 mg) capsules can cause hepatitis.

4. ADDERAL ®

Adderall® is a combination of four salts of amphetamines and is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. This medicine does not have the same effect in animals as in people. It acts as a stimulant in our pets and causes an increase in heart rate and body temperature, as well as hyperactivity, tremors and convulsions.Even small doses can cause these signs.

5. VENLAFAXINE (EFFEXOR®)

Venlafaxine belongs to the class of antidepressant and anxiolytic drugs called selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs. It is used to treat depression. It acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to rectify the mood of people with depression.

With medications to treat heart problems, diabetes and high cholesterol, medications to treat depression are very popular in Canada.

For some unknown reason, cats like to eat capsules. Ingestion may cause agitation, vocalization, tremors and convulsions. Signs can last several days. A toxic dose as low as 2-3 mg / kg is reported. Therefore, for a 4.5 kg adult cat, a 10 mg dose would be toxic. The smallest Effexor® capsule is 37.5 mg!

OTHER MEDICINES FREQUENTLY INVOLVED IN POISONING IN PETS

Alprazolam (Xanax®) is prescribed as an anti-anxiety medication and as a sleep aid.

Zolpidem (Ambien®) is a sleep aid for insomniacs.

Clonazepam (Klonopin®) is used as an anticonvulsant and anti-anxiety medication.

Naproxen (Aleve®, Naprosyn®) is an over-the-counter pain reliever.

Duloxetine (Cymbalta®) is prescribed as an antidepressant and anti-anxiety medication.

CONCLUSION

Keep your medication out of the reach of your dogs and cats, even if kept in safe containers. Do not give your medication to your pets, unless you have told your veterinarian before hand.

In case of poisoning: contact your veterinarian or emergency center immediately if your veterinary clinic is closed.

USEFUL LINK

ASPCA https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.