MENTAL STIMULATION IN PETS

INTRODUCTION

Few people realize it, but mental stimulation is very important tomanimals.
Boredom is the worst enemy of pets, especially dogs, cats and birds. A lack of exercise and mental stimulation is often the cause of behavioral problems like:
o excessive barking
o Destruction
o Pica (ingestion of inedible items)
o Feather destruction behavior (chronic pecking)
o Compulsive / obsessive behaviors: excessive licking in cats for example.

Some animals need more stimulation and more exercise than others like:
o Hunting dogs (eg German pointer)
o Shepherd dogs (eg border collie)
o Some breeds of cats such as Siamese and Bengals
o Some parrot breeds such as African Gray, Macaws, Lovebirds, Cockatoos

These are just a few examples and there are also individuals who at first sight do not seem to require much stimulation, but who ask a lot.

There are two main ways to stimulate animals: exercise and play. Sometimes the game is the actual exercise.

EXAMPLES OF DOG GAMES

On the Montreal SPCA blog, you can find the title of ten games for your dog (see link), it is mentioned that in terms of energy expenditure, 15 minutes of mental stimulation is equivalent to 1 hour of running for your dog!
Unfortunately we could not validate this information, but it is nevertheless interesting. It’s a bit hard to believe to compare 60 minutes of jogging for a human (540 calories) with 15 minutes of Scrabble.

So here are 3 examples of games, taken from the SPCA blog

1. Food dispensing ball: it is a ball with holes, which is filled with food (croquettes). At first, we fill the ball so that the dog learns quickly how it works, then we can put the portion that should be eaten for the chosen period of time.

2. The pinata for dogs. Place kibbles in an empty container (eg, milk carton or roll of toilet paper). Make sure the dog does not eat cardboard and all openings are clogged.

3. Hide and Seek: Show your dog his favorite treat, then hide it in an easily accessible place, for example in the corner of a room to start, then behind a door.

There are seven other examples. It is mentioned at the end of the article to watch your dog when he plays with objects so that he does not ingest materials. If your pet is possessive with his food, keep strangers or children away during this type of activity.

EXAMPLES OF CAT GAMES

Here are 3 examples of cat games from the SPCA blog (see link for details).

The cat is a mainly nocturnal animal and therefore must be offered activities during the day so that it sleeps at night.6B3A7637-85C1-4724-B4AF-E6C7FA526FBF

1. Toys Aïkiou: Fill the toy with croquettes or canned food. To make the task more difficult, freeze it before giving it to your cat or hang it on a doorknob with a rope.

2. The SlimCat dispenser ball: same principle as for dogs. The first time, fill the ball with kibble to the brim so that it comes out easily when your cat operates it.After a while, your pet will have fun alone for long periods.

In the same vein, there is a game that is made in the shape of a pierced cylinder and whose name is Pipolino.

3. Frolicat Flik (a rope that mimics the movement of a mouse’s tail) and the Frolicat Pounce (imitates the movement of a mouse running in circles).

EXAMPLES OF GAMES FOR PARROTS

1. Transparent ball with holes, in which a stimulating reward is placed (seeds, peanuts, dried fruit …). This ball is attached by a safe chain above the cage and hangs near a perch.

2. Piece of untreated white pine, of the appropriate size for the target bird, into which holes are drilled and seeds mixed with peanut butter are inserted into the holes.

EXAMPLES OF GAMES FOR RABBITS

1. Timoty Club Bungalow from Oxbow Company: House for Rabbit Braided in Hay. In addition to being able to hide, the rabbit can nibble.

2. Simply take the rabbit out of his cage (under supervision) and hide his favorite food. Same principle as the game of hiding with your dog mentioned for dogs.

CONCLUSION

For neophytes, it may seem ridiculous to buy toys to mentally stimulate your pet, whatever it is. Know that it is the same for zoological garden animals and God knows that these animals need a lot of mental stimulation to make them forget their captivity.

USEFUL LINKS

How to occupy your cat
https://blogue.spca.com/2018/03/06/comment-occuper-votre-chat/

Ten games to keep your dog busy
https://blogue.spca.com/2018/02/20/dix-jeux-pour-occuper-votre-chien/

Aïkiou
https://aikiou.com/fr/

If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the Clinic’s medical team (514-634-4190), who will be happy to assist you.

About the Clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers unparalleled personalized service to pet owners in Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe-Claire, as well as throughout the West Island of Montreal ( West Island) and Laval, since 1982.

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SWIMMING WITH DOGS DURING SUMMER

INTRODUCTION

Summer is here and it means summer vacations. Many dog ​​owners will bring their companion with them. Many will have as destination, a resort area with a lake or even a beach. Other lucky ones, will enjoy the family pool.
Can swimming in open water or in swimming pools cause health problems for dogs?

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

Not all dogs are as skilled in the water and many are not good swimmers.
• Ex .: Dachshund (dog sausage) and the Bulldogs. Dachshunds have very small legs, which does not allow them to have optimal swimming.
Not all dogs will necessarily like to swim, so you sometimes have to get used to them gradually, using positive reinforcement.

Some brachycephalic breeds (flat nose, partially obstructed airways) have more difficulty coping with swimming.
• Ex .: English bulldog, pug.

Flotation Jackets:
• They are essential if your dog accompanies you by boat, whether in a lake or on the sea.
• They are particularly important for certain dog breeds that are not known to be good swimmers: short-nosed breeds, English and French Bulldogs, Pekinese, pugs …
• Even for good swimmers, an accident can occur in the middle of the night or even in daylight if the body of water is agitated.
• Be careful when the water is very cold, like in many rivers in the Laurentians. Dogs that stay too long may suffer from hypothermia and drowning may occur.
• Flotation jackets are essential for rivers, especially if the current is powerful.

FRESH WATER (LAKES AND RIVERS)

Blue algae
Especially observed later in the summer ,when it gets very hot and water levels drop. Ingestion of these algae can be toxic or even fatal for dogs who drink contaminated water.
You should always have water to drink for your dog. The better he is hydrated, the less he will feel the need to drink water from the lake or the river.

Bacteria
There are often surface bacteria in the lakes ,in very hot weather, bacteria can make our dogs sick (eg faecal coliforms).
Most provinces have websites that allow people to check the quality levels before going for a swim. The Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment and the Fight Against Climate Change Québec has a website to inform swimmers about the quality of water (the link will be posted on the show’s website).

Otitis
After swimming, it is recommended to clean the animal’s ears with a cleaning solution and to dry the ears well. We use cotton wool.

Rinsing
Whenever possible, it is always a good idea to rinse the dog with fresh water (to remove bacteria and pathogenic algae) and then dry the dog thoroughly.
A dog that stays wet for a long time is predisposed to getting skin infections.
Before leaving the lake, we use towels and we dry as much as possible (so you must pack accordingly) and then complete at home with a hairdryer.

SALT WATER

It takes a lot of fresh water to properly hydrate the animal.
Saltwater consumption causes diarrhea and salt can cause even more severe dehydration.
So you have to prevent the consumption of salt water by offering fresh water to drink. Your dog should be encouraged to drink fresh water as often as possible (at least every 20 minutes), especially during hot weather.
Have “hydration” breaks every 20 minutes.

Post-swim rinse
Everyone who was lucky enough to go to the sea knows it. After a day of swimming, our skin is a bit sticky because of salt and sand. It’s the same for our dogs, so it’s a good idea to rinse your dog at the end of the day and then dry it as I mentioned earlier.

Otitis
Same recommendation as for swimming in fresh water. After swimming, it is recommended to clean the ears with a cleaning solution for the ears of animals and to dry the ears well. We use cotton wool.

POOLS

Consider this ,dogs are not as clean as humans. Some may disagree 🙂 .Long haired breeds often have small debris stuck by their backside area (fecal matter,dirt,urine etc) which can contaminate a pool real fast….especially if those same animals are not treated for parasites. Staying on top of your pool water quality and filtration is a must.5E7CED70-2E59-4113-BA77-F4EEDB004462

That being said, according to Dr. Scott Weese of the University of Guelph, the risks of contamination are quite low. According to him, a dog is much less likely to do his needs in a swimming pool than a young child …
(DVM DVSc DipACVIM is a Veterinary Intern and Microbiologist, Diplomat of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Professor at the Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, and Microbiologist in Public Health. and zoonoses at the University of Guelph’s Center for Public Health and Zoonoses, and Head of Infection Control at the Ontario Veterinary University Hospital and Canada Research Chair in Zoonotic Diseases) .
Still according to Dr. Weese, one should not let a dog who vomits, has diarrhea or has a skin infection, swim in the family pool.

Chlorine
Specialists mention that it is possible to maintain a good quality of pool water, without exaggerating with the use of chlorine. Water should be tested more often. Be sure to maintain pH levels between 7.2 and 7.6 to maximize chlorine efficiency.
Like us, dogs can be sensitive to chlorine in pool water and can cause conjunctivitis (red eyes, usually transient) and dermatitis (inflammation of the skin).
So again, rinse the dog after swimming.

Pool latters versus stairways
Like with children,dogs can easily fall into pools by accident(like trying to reach a floating toy). Many pools are not equiped with stairways permitting a fallen dog,means to escape which can then lead to potential drownings. One must show his dog how to get out of the pool. No easy task here. Otitis/rincing and drying solutions are the same as mentionned above.

Useful links

Provincial water quality sites

http://www.mddelcc.gouv.qc.ca/eau/recreative/qualite.htm

Dogs and swimming pools
https://www.wormsandgermsblog.com/2009/07/articles/animals/dogs/dogs-and-swimming-pools/

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

 

DIABETES MELLITUS IN PETS

INTRODUCTION

November is Diabetes Awareness Month for pets. Diabetes mellitus is a well-known disease in humans. Few people know that it can touch our four-legged friends too!

WHAT IS DIABETES MELLITUS?

Diabetes is a hormonal disease, due to a lack or insufficient action of insulin, which regulates the blood sugar level.

Glucose, a vital source of energy for the body

Dogs and cats find in their diet , sugars  which are transformed into glucose during the digestion. Glucose then passes in the bloodstream and  used as an essential energy source for all organs. Normally, this  is allowed by insulin, a hormone that passes glucose from the blood to the cells that make up the organs.

When insulin fails or does not work properly, glucose can not get into the cells, which then denies, those same cells, access to their main fuel. Glucose then accumulates in the blood, which is at the origin of various health disorders for  diabetic animals.

WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF DIABETES IN PETS?insulin-syringe-2129490_960_720

In humans, diabetes is divided into two forms: Type I and Type II.

These are also called juvenile diabetes and adult diabetes, or insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes.

In short, type 1 is the type where the pancreas produces no insulin (dogs), and in type 2, the pancreas produces insulin, but not enough  or there is interference with its effectiveness (cats).

Certain endocrine conditions such as Cushing’s disease ( where the adrenal glands  secrete too much cortisol) and certain medications (cortisone) can promote the onset of diabetes.

RISK FACTORS

While diabetes has been diagnosed in dogs and cats of all ages, sexes and breeds, some animals are more at risk of developing the disease.

RISK FACTORS IN DOGS

  • Age (middle to older dogs are most affected)
  • Unsterilized females
  • Genetics
  • Obesity
  • Specific breeds : These breeds present a higher risk of developing diabetes:
  1. Cocker Spaniels
  2. Dachshunds
  3. Doberman Pinschers
  4. German Shepherds
  5. Golden Retrievers
  6. Labrador Retrievers
  7. Pomeranians
  8. Terriers
  9. Toy poodles

RISK FACTOR IN CATS

  • Age (older cats are more sensitive)
  • Sterilized males
  • Genetics
  • Other conditions or conditions that may cause insulin reduction or resistance such as chronic pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) or hyperthyroidism (overproduction of thyroid hormones)
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF DIABETES IN DOGS AND CATS?

Thus, the main clinical signs of diabetes mellitus are:

  • Eating excessively
  • Drinking excessively
  • Excessive urination
  • Weight loss (over an extended period of time …)

The signs are sometimes subtle in cats.

A plantigrade walk  (compared to a normal swift walk)  is sometimes observed in cats.

DO DIABETES HAVE CONSEQUENCES FOR THE HEALTH AND LONGEVITY OF MY ANIMAL? (In short, are we obligated to treat?)

Without proper treatment, diabetes mellitus can cause serious complications. Let’s mention the most common ones:

  • Cataracts (can lead to blindness)
  • Urinary tract infections (recurrent)
  • Coma and even death

TREATMENT

First thing to know, oral hypoglycemic agents are not very effective in animals. So very little are used in veterinary medicine.

The main treatment is insulin, which must be injected every 12 hours, sometimes for the life of the animal (although cures are possible in cats).

Glucose curves should be performed regularly, ideally by the owner at home, or at the clinic.

Exercise (dog).

FOOD CHANGES MUST ME MADE:

Dogs: diets  low in calories and high in fiber

Cats: diets rich in protein and low in carbohydrates.

PREVENTION

Considering that obesity is a significant risk factor for the onset of diabetes, keeping your pet at a healthy weight is a simple and very effective procedure.

CONCLUSION

Managing your dog’s or cat’s diabetes will require effort, but the rewards are worth it. Once controlled, thirst urination, appetite, and activity level return to normal and they are less likely to develop complications related to this disease.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

PROTECTING FIVE FREEDOMS TO ENSURE ANIMAL WELFARE

Introduction

Every year for more than 30 years , the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association has organized Animal Life Week. This year, it will be held from October 1st to 7th .

This year’s theme highlights the five fundamental freedoms that animals need to survive and thrive.

This year’s theme is an opportunity to remind animal owners (not just pets) of the fundamentals they must provide to the animals entrusted to their care to ensure they lead a happy and healthy life.SEMAINE VIE ANIMALE

Even though many think they know the factors that can make a pet happy, it is good to be reminded of them from time to time and Animal Life Week is a good opportunity to do so.

What is the origin of the five freedoms?

According to the OIE (World Organization for Animal Health), animal welfare “refers to the way in which an animal evolves in the conditions that surrounds it”.

The OIE guidelines on animal welfare also refer to the universally recognized “five fundamental freedoms” laid down in 1965 to describe the rights of animals under human responsibility.

In 2002, at the request of its Member States (including Canada), and recognizing that animal health is a fundamental component of their well-being, the OIE expanded its mandate to include standards on the well- being.

The first OIE intergovernmental standards on animal welfare were published in 2005.

The standards adopted focus on the welfare of terrestrial animals and farmed fish in specific configurations.

They are regularly updated as scientific knowledge evolves.

OIE standards are adopted by consensus at the World Assembly of National Delegates of the OIE, which means that all Member States undertake to apply them at national level, disregarding each state’s cultural and economic situation.

The Five Animal Freedoms

Pet owners can protect the Five Animal Freedoms by:

  1. Providing appropriate nutrition

Prevent hunger and thirst by providing fresh water and food to ensure vigorous health.

  1. Providing appropriate socialization

Give the opportunity to spend time with or without members of their species according to their needs.

  1. Providing appropriate accommodation

Provide a suitable environment that includes a shelter and a comfortable rest area to avoid discomfort.

  1. Providing appropriate veterinary care

Promote the absence of pain, injury or illness through prevention or prompt diagnosis and treatment.

  1. Allowing animals to behave normally

Promote the ability to express normal behavior by providing adequate space, adequate facilities, tools and accessories, and by not punishing animals when they exhibit undesirable behavior.

Conclusion

You want your animals to be happy? You must then protect their five fundamental freedoms.

All provinces have organizations that promote and protect animal welfare. Most of these organizations are underfunded and require volunteers and donations. Do not hesitate to support them.

 Useful links

OIE Animal welfare

http://www.oie.int/fr/bien-etre-animal/la-sante-animale-dun-coup-doeil/

Canadian Veterinary Medical Association: Animal Health Week 2017

https://www.veterinairesaucanada.net/practice-economics/animal-health-week-current

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

 

 

POISONOUS DRUGS FOR YOUR PETS

INTRODUCTION

According to data from Statistics Canada , between 2007 and 2011, 41% of Canadians took at least one prescription drug daily. This percentage tends to increase with age: up to 83% among the 65 to 79 years old group and this is without taking into account the consumption of drugs that are over-the-counter.

Although several drugs are used  in both human and veterinary medicine, the doses and effects are not the same.

Around ¼ of the calls received by the Animal Poison Control Center at the US SPCA (Poison Control Center for Animals) concern the ingestion of human drugs by pets.

There are no statistics or similar agencies in Canada, but the number of calls received by veterinary establishments on a daily basis suggests that animal poisoning cases caused by the  ingestion of  human drugs are as frequent in Canada as they are in the US (  always proportional to the population of each country) .

pills-2607338_960_720

So today, veterinarians from the Lachine veterinary clinic will review 5 drugs frequently consumed by people that are frequently involved in poisoning cases with pets.

 

1. IBUPROPHEN (eg ADVIL®, MOTRIN®)

The latter is the most commonly used human medication ingested by pets. Many brands have a sweet exterior coating that makes them attractive to animals (think “M & M”, but potentially deadly). Ibuprofen can cause stomach ulcers and kidney failure.

A  dose of 125-175mg / kg is reported toxic for pets. So a 10 kg dog who ingests 6 Advil Liquigel ® (200 mg) or 3 Advil Arthritis Pain (400 mg) may die.

In the same family, there is also Naproxen (Aleve ®, Naprosyn ®) which is another over – the – counter pain reliever. Dogs and cats are very sensitive to naproxen and even small amounts can cause stomach ulcers and kidney failure.

2. TRAMADOL (EX .: ULTRAM®)

Tramadol (Ultram®) is an analgesic. It is a drug that is frequently prescribed by veterinarians, especially for dogs and cats that are sensitive to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

If you have this drug in your possession, do not make the mistake of giving it to your pet without first consulting your veterinarian! Too much tramadol can cause sedation or agitation, distress, disorientation, vomiting, tremors and possibly convulsions.

Tramadol is sometimes mixed with acetaminophen (generic companies like Apo, Teva and Priva produce these) and can also be toxic to pets, especially cats.

3. ACETAMINOPHENE (eg TYLENOL®)

Acetaminophen is a popular analgesic / antipyretic drug in Canada, especially in families with young children. Cats are extremely sensitive to acetaminophen, but dogs can also be affected. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage. This can also cause damage to your pet’s red blood cells, which prevents them from carrying oxygen. This can cause the death of the animal.

In cats, a dose as low as 45 mg can be fatal.

A Tylenol® Children’s Chewable Tablet contains 160 mg of acetaminophen!

In dogs, toxic liver disease can occur at doses of 75-100 mg / kg

For a 10 kg dog, 3 regular Tylenol® (325 mg) or 2 extra-strong Tylenol® (500 mg) capsules can cause hepatitis.

4. ADDERAL ®

Adderall® is a combination of four salts of amphetamines and is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. This medicine does not have the same effect in animals as in people. It acts as a stimulant in our pets and causes an increase in heart rate and body temperature, as well as hyperactivity, tremors and convulsions.Even small doses can cause these signs.

5. VENLAFAXINE (EFFEXOR®)

Venlafaxine belongs to the class of antidepressant and anxiolytic drugs called selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs. It is used to treat depression. It acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to rectify the mood of people with depression.

With medications to treat heart problems, diabetes and high cholesterol, medications to treat depression are very popular in Canada.

For some unknown reason, cats like to eat capsules. Ingestion may cause agitation, vocalization, tremors and convulsions. Signs can last several days. A toxic dose as low as 2-3 mg / kg is reported. Therefore, for a 4.5 kg adult cat, a 10 mg dose would be toxic. The smallest Effexor® capsule is 37.5 mg!

OTHER MEDICINES FREQUENTLY INVOLVED IN POISONING IN PETS

Alprazolam (Xanax®) is prescribed as an anti-anxiety medication and as a sleep aid.

Zolpidem (Ambien®) is a sleep aid for insomniacs.

Clonazepam (Klonopin®) is used as an anticonvulsant and anti-anxiety medication.

Naproxen (Aleve®, Naprosyn®) is an over-the-counter pain reliever.

Duloxetine (Cymbalta®) is prescribed as an antidepressant and anti-anxiety medication.

CONCLUSION

Keep your medication out of the reach of your dogs and cats, even if kept in safe containers. Do not give your medication to your pets, unless you have told your veterinarian before hand.

In case of poisoning: contact your veterinarian or emergency center immediately if your veterinary clinic is closed.

USEFUL LINK

ASPCA https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

FRUITS AND VEGGIES : WHAT IS SAFE AND WHAT ISN’T FOR OUR DOGS.

INTRODUCTION

Several foods that we found in our fridges and pantries should never be given to our dogs. On the other hand, many familiar foods can be offered to them. What are they? That’s what we’re going to see today.

This blog will mainly focus on dogs, as they are most likely to eat all sorts of things, not to say anything! But when that is indicated, we will make a note regarding the food that should not be given to our cats, rabbits and birds.

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

WARNING!

Beware, it is not because we recommend a fruit or a vegetable, that one must exaggerate in the quantity to give.  We are talking here about small pieces, mainly given as treats.

In some cases, we can give a little more, we will see.

Moreover, not all dogs are equal. Some will not tolerate certain fruits or vegetables, as they will cause vomiting. If this is the case, please abstain from giving those to your pet.berries-blueberries-raspberries-fruit-122442

So if we do not cause an imbalance in the diet of our dogs, the amount of vegetables and fruits should be less than 10% of its total diet. Moreover, at this amount, the risks of causing urinary problems in certain dogs predisposed to make stones in the bladder are almost nonexistent.

However, there may be restrictions if your dog is suffering from certain diseases, so talk to your veterinarian.

Popular fruits and vegetables that do not present problems:

-FRUITS

APPLES

OK. Apples are an excellent source of vitamins A and C, as well as fiber. They are low in protein and fat, making it a good treat for older dogs. Do not give the core because of the risk of suffocation.

BANANAS

Ok. But in very small quantities, because they are quite caloric.

Pieces of dried bananas can be given as treats for rabbits.

OK for birds, but in very small quantity.

WATERMELON

Ok. Very popular during summertime , small pieces can be given, but the bark and seeds must be removed.

OK for the birds.

SMALL FRUITS (Strawberries, blueberries, raspberries)

Ok. In moderation for raspberries and strawberries because of the sugar. It is essential to wash the berries well before offering them.

Dehydrated strawberries can be offered sparingly to rabbits as a treat.

ORANGES AND CLEMENTINES

Ok. Without the skin and seeds.

Citrus fruits are excellent fruits to offer your birds

KIWI

Ok. Without the skin.

This is the best fruit to offer to your birds and guinea pigs (because of high content in Vitamin C).

-VEGETABLES

BROCCOLI

Ok. But in small quantities, as they may cause vomiting due to the isothiocyanates they contain, which may cause gastric irritation.

CUCUMBER AND CELERY

Ok. Very low in calories.

CARROTS

Ok. With moderation because of their sugar content.

TOMATO

Ok. IF only the fruit is offered and not the stem that contains solanine, which can be toxic when ingested in large quantities.

GREEN BEANS

OK. In limited quantities. Some dogs prefer them al dente!

Popular fruits and vegetables that should be avoided:

-FRUITS

GRAPES (and red currants)

NO! Grapes can cause acute kidney failure.

All types of products containing grapes or raisins (including grape juice, mixtures of nuts and dry fruits, bagels, etc.) can cause kidney failure. Even organic, pesticide-free, grapes grown in domestic gardens can cause toxicity. Although the mechanism of action is not clearly understood, these fruits may lead to anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea and potentially severe acute renal failure (which develops several days later). Toxicity is not necessarily dose dependent, and symptoms may occur even with small ingestions.

CHERRIES

No. Even if the fruit itself is not toxic, the leaves, stems and pits are. They contain cyanide. However, the quantities are not high and the cores must be ground to release the toxic precursors.

Then, as a precaution, it is better to avoid them.

AVOCADO

No. The pit, skin and avocado leaves contain persin, a toxin that often causes vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. The fruit itself, does not have as much persin as the rest of the plant, but it is still has too much for dogs.

Very toxic to birds and rabbits. So avoid at all cost.

-VEGETABLES

KALE

No.  because very small amounts can cause vomiting in some dogs and we do not know why …

MUSHROOMS

No. Avoid wild mushrooms, there are too many that are toxic. Unless you are an experienced mycologist, be sure to stay clear of them. As for mushrooms sold commercially, white mushrooms would be OK and according to several mycologists, are the only ones that can be eaten raw in a safe way.

Precautionary principle: do not give mushrooms.

ASPARAGUS

No. not because they are toxic. Raw, they are too woody and difficult to chew and cooked, they are soft and have little food interest. This is not the best vegetable.

ONION, GARLIC, LEEK AND CHIVE

No. They may cause gastrointestinal irritation and may lead to red blood cell lesions: anemia.

Although cats are more sensitive, dogs are also at risk if a large amount is consumed. A small occasional dose, such as what can be found in pet foods or treats, will probably not be a problem, but as a precaution, we should not give them to our pets.

MACADAM NUTS

No. Macadam nuts are commonly used in many cookies and sweets. However, they can cause problems for your dog. These nuts can cause weakness, depression, vomiting, tremors and fever in dogs. Signs usually appear within 12 hours of ingestion and last about 12 to 48 hours.

Useful links:

Pet Poison Helpline Poison Control Center

http://www.petpoisonhelpline.com/

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

Rabbit dental care

 

Does your rabbit need orthodontic care? As curious as it may seem, dental malocclusion in rabbits is an important problem and is often under diagnosed.

The poor apposition of the teeth is one of the main causes of the loss of appetite in rabbits.

The origins of the malocclusion are multiple. We speak mainly of genetic causes, traumas and dental abscesses.animal-1846462_960_720

The diet of rabbits is very abrasive, which has the effect of wearing the teeth during chewing. To compensate for this wear, the teeth of rabbits grow continuously. The molars are aligned so that the wear surfaces are flat with sharp edges, allowing effective chewing of fibre. The teeth must be properly aligned to allow for proper wear of maxillary and mandibular teeth.

Rabbits with malocclusion usually exhibit excessive drooling, appetite and weight loss. Anorexia is frequently progressive. First, the animal stops eating its pellets, then its hay, then, finally its vegetables. Often the animal seems interested in its food. He even goes to put food in his mouth, to drop it shortly after. Owners often mention that these rabbits grind their teeth.

Loss of appetite should be addressed promptly in rabbits, because if it persists too long, it can become lethal.

To make a precise diagnosis, your veterinarian will often have to put your rabbit under anesthesia, especially if his mouth is full of saliva and a problem in the back teeth is suspected.

Depending on the type of problem, its origin and its location, treatments will be suggested. Some advanced cases can sometimes be relieved, but cannot be cured permanently. Some rabbits will require regular visits to their veterinarian.

So the best solution is prevention. Offer a rich fibre diet containing a large amount of hay, ideally Timothy as well as good leafy green vegetables.

Where possible, acquire the rabbit from a breeder who is known to produce animals free from malocclusion. And finally, after buying the rabbit, have it checked immediately by your veterinarian to make sure it is free from birth defects and infections.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.