The veterinarians of Lachine veterinary clinic demystify canine vaccination.
The basic vaccine (DAPP): protects against distemper, infectious hepatitis (adenovirus), parainfluenza and parvovirus. These viruses are dangerous for your animal and are highly contagious between dogs.
Here are the principal symptoms of those diseases:
Rabies vaccine: This virus is transmitted by saliva (via bite wounds) of wildlife animals, such as racoons, skunks, foxes and bats and rabid pets. The rabies virus can be transmitted to humans.
Affected pets can show two types of symptoms: furious or paralytic (most canine cases).
There are three principal symptoms to recognize in a rabid animal:
—The virus targets the central nervous system. Therefore, lameness can be noticed in the bitten limb and eventually, general ataxia (abnormal gait) is observed.
—During the paralytic form, the virus causes paralysis of the larynx, resulting in marked salivation.
—Whatever its form, the rabies virus causes behaviour modifications in animals. It is important to be wary of aggressive animals, but also of those abnormally quiet or easily approachable.
Leptospirosis vaccine: protects against Leptospira, a bacteria that is transmitted by the urine of wild animals or infected pets. Your pet can transmit the disease to you via direct contact.
Infected animals often show general weakness, reduced appetite, fever, jaundice, increased thirst and increased urination. Some animals can be asymptomatic, showing no signs of the disease. Vaccination is therefore really important.
Infected humans present flu-like symptoms.
Bordetella vaccine (kennel cough): Bordetella is highly contagious between dogs. The hot zones where your dog is more at risk of being infected by this bacteria include dog parks, grooming parlours, boarding facilities and pet stores.
Bordetella specifically targets upper airways, causing either dry or productive cough, and sometimes eye and nasal discharge. Occasionally the cough can be quite serious and may induce vomiting. In more severe cases, the bacteria can spread to the lungs and cause pneumonia.
Lyme disease vaccine: protects against the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi that is transmitted by tick bites. Your pet cannot give you this disease. However, you may get this disease if you get bitten by a tick.
The main symptoms are fever, low appetite, lameness and septic arthritis.
In addition to the vaccine, you can protect your dog against this disease, by giving him or her, tick (and flea) control medication during the warmer months.
Possible post-vaccination reactions: after getting vaccine shots, your dog may become slightly lethargic and you may notice light swelling and discomfort at the injection site.
However, some symptoms are abnormal and suggest an allergic reaction.
Watch for these signs:
- Skin rash;
- Loss of appetite;
- Swelling of the face;
If you notice one or more of these signs, please call us quickly.
If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.