Category Archives: Cat

DIABETES MELLITUS IN PETS

INTRODUCTION

November is Diabetes Awareness Month for pets. Diabetes mellitus is a well-known disease in humans. Few people know that it can touch our four-legged friends too!

WHAT IS DIABETES MELLITUS?

Diabetes is a hormonal disease, due to a lack or insufficient action of insulin, which regulates the blood sugar level.

Glucose, a vital source of energy for the body

Dogs and cats find in their diet , sugars  which are transformed into glucose during the digestion. Glucose then passes in the bloodstream and  used as an essential energy source for all organs. Normally, this  is allowed by insulin, a hormone that passes glucose from the blood to the cells that make up the organs.

When insulin fails or does not work properly, glucose can not get into the cells, which then denies, those same cells, access to their main fuel. Glucose then accumulates in the blood, which is at the origin of various health disorders for  diabetic animals.

WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF DIABETES IN PETS?insulin-syringe-2129490_960_720

In humans, diabetes is divided into two forms: Type I and Type II.

These are also called juvenile diabetes and adult diabetes, or insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes.

In short, type 1 is the type where the pancreas produces no insulin (dogs), and in type 2, the pancreas produces insulin, but not enough  or there is interference with its effectiveness (cats).

Certain endocrine conditions such as Cushing’s disease ( where the adrenal glands  secrete too much cortisol) and certain medications (cortisone) can promote the onset of diabetes.

RISK FACTORS

While diabetes has been diagnosed in dogs and cats of all ages, sexes and breeds, some animals are more at risk of developing the disease.

RISK FACTORS IN DOGS

  • Age (middle to older dogs are most affected)
  • Unsterilized females
  • Genetics
  • Obesity
  • Specific breeds : These breeds present a higher risk of developing diabetes:
  1. Cocker Spaniels
  2. Dachshunds
  3. Doberman Pinschers
  4. German Shepherds
  5. Golden Retrievers
  6. Labrador Retrievers
  7. Pomeranians
  8. Terriers
  9. Toy poodles

RISK FACTOR IN CATS

  • Age (older cats are more sensitive)
  • Sterilized males
  • Genetics
  • Other conditions or conditions that may cause insulin reduction or resistance such as chronic pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) or hyperthyroidism (overproduction of thyroid hormones)
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF DIABETES IN DOGS AND CATS?

Thus, the main clinical signs of diabetes mellitus are:

  • Eating excessively
  • Drinking excessively
  • Excessive urination
  • Weight loss (over an extended period of time …)

The signs are sometimes subtle in cats.

A plantigrade walk  (compared to a normal swift walk)  is sometimes observed in cats.

DO DIABETES HAVE CONSEQUENCES FOR THE HEALTH AND LONGEVITY OF MY ANIMAL? (In short, are we obligated to treat?)

Without proper treatment, diabetes mellitus can cause serious complications. Let’s mention the most common ones:

  • Cataracts (can lead to blindness)
  • Urinary tract infections (recurrent)
  • Coma and even death

TREATMENT

First thing to know, oral hypoglycemic agents are not very effective in animals. So very little are used in veterinary medicine.

The main treatment is insulin, which must be injected every 12 hours, sometimes for the life of the animal (although cures are possible in cats).

Glucose curves should be performed regularly, ideally by the owner at home, or at the clinic.

Exercise (dog).

FOOD CHANGES MUST ME MADE:

Dogs: diets  low in calories and high in fiber

Cats: diets rich in protein and low in carbohydrates.

PREVENTION

Considering that obesity is a significant risk factor for the onset of diabetes, keeping your pet at a healthy weight is a simple and very effective procedure.

CONCLUSION

Managing your dog’s or cat’s diabetes will require effort, but the rewards are worth it. Once controlled, thirst urination, appetite, and activity level return to normal and they are less likely to develop complications related to this disease.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.
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PROTECTING FIVE FREEDOMS TO ENSURE ANIMAL WELFARE

Introduction

Every year for more than 30 years , the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association has organized Animal Life Week. This year, it will be held from October 1st to 7th .

This year’s theme highlights the five fundamental freedoms that animals need to survive and thrive.

This year’s theme is an opportunity to remind animal owners (not just pets) of the fundamentals they must provide to the animals entrusted to their care to ensure they lead a happy and healthy life.SEMAINE VIE ANIMALE

Even though many think they know the factors that can make a pet happy, it is good to be reminded of them from time to time and Animal Life Week is a good opportunity to do so.

What is the origin of the five freedoms?

According to the OIE (World Organization for Animal Health), animal welfare “refers to the way in which an animal evolves in the conditions that surrounds it”.

The OIE guidelines on animal welfare also refer to the universally recognized “five fundamental freedoms” laid down in 1965 to describe the rights of animals under human responsibility.

In 2002, at the request of its Member States (including Canada), and recognizing that animal health is a fundamental component of their well-being, the OIE expanded its mandate to include standards on the well- being.

The first OIE intergovernmental standards on animal welfare were published in 2005.

The standards adopted focus on the welfare of terrestrial animals and farmed fish in specific configurations.

They are regularly updated as scientific knowledge evolves.

OIE standards are adopted by consensus at the World Assembly of National Delegates of the OIE, which means that all Member States undertake to apply them at national level, disregarding each state’s cultural and economic situation.

The Five Animal Freedoms

Pet owners can protect the Five Animal Freedoms by:

  1. Providing appropriate nutrition

Prevent hunger and thirst by providing fresh water and food to ensure vigorous health.

  1. Providing appropriate socialization

Give the opportunity to spend time with or without members of their species according to their needs.

  1. Providing appropriate accommodation

Provide a suitable environment that includes a shelter and a comfortable rest area to avoid discomfort.

  1. Providing appropriate veterinary care

Promote the absence of pain, injury or illness through prevention or prompt diagnosis and treatment.

  1. Allowing animals to behave normally

Promote the ability to express normal behavior by providing adequate space, adequate facilities, tools and accessories, and by not punishing animals when they exhibit undesirable behavior.

Conclusion

You want your animals to be happy? You must then protect their five fundamental freedoms.

All provinces have organizations that promote and protect animal welfare. Most of these organizations are underfunded and require volunteers and donations. Do not hesitate to support them.

 Useful links

OIE Animal welfare

http://www.oie.int/fr/bien-etre-animal/la-sante-animale-dun-coup-doeil/

Canadian Veterinary Medical Association: Animal Health Week 2017

https://www.veterinairesaucanada.net/practice-economics/animal-health-week-current

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

 

 

POISONOUS DRUGS FOR YOUR PETS

INTRODUCTION

According to data from Statistics Canada , between 2007 and 2011, 41% of Canadians took at least one prescription drug daily. This percentage tends to increase with age: up to 83% among the 65 to 79 years old group and this is without taking into account the consumption of drugs that are over-the-counter.

Although several drugs are used  in both human and veterinary medicine, the doses and effects are not the same.

Around ¼ of the calls received by the Animal Poison Control Center at the US SPCA (Poison Control Center for Animals) concern the ingestion of human drugs by pets.

There are no statistics or similar agencies in Canada, but the number of calls received by veterinary establishments on a daily basis suggests that animal poisoning cases caused by the  ingestion of  human drugs are as frequent in Canada as they are in the US (  always proportional to the population of each country) .

pills-2607338_960_720

So today, veterinarians from the Lachine veterinary clinic will review 5 drugs frequently consumed by people that are frequently involved in poisoning cases with pets.

 

1. IBUPROPHEN (eg ADVIL®, MOTRIN®)

The latter is the most commonly used human medication ingested by pets. Many brands have a sweet exterior coating that makes them attractive to animals (think “M & M”, but potentially deadly). Ibuprofen can cause stomach ulcers and kidney failure.

A  dose of 125-175mg / kg is reported toxic for pets. So a 10 kg dog who ingests 6 Advil Liquigel ® (200 mg) or 3 Advil Arthritis Pain (400 mg) may die.

In the same family, there is also Naproxen (Aleve ®, Naprosyn ®) which is another over – the – counter pain reliever. Dogs and cats are very sensitive to naproxen and even small amounts can cause stomach ulcers and kidney failure.

2. TRAMADOL (EX .: ULTRAM®)

Tramadol (Ultram®) is an analgesic. It is a drug that is frequently prescribed by veterinarians, especially for dogs and cats that are sensitive to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

If you have this drug in your possession, do not make the mistake of giving it to your pet without first consulting your veterinarian! Too much tramadol can cause sedation or agitation, distress, disorientation, vomiting, tremors and possibly convulsions.

Tramadol is sometimes mixed with acetaminophen (generic companies like Apo, Teva and Priva produce these) and can also be toxic to pets, especially cats.

3. ACETAMINOPHENE (eg TYLENOL®)

Acetaminophen is a popular analgesic / antipyretic drug in Canada, especially in families with young children. Cats are extremely sensitive to acetaminophen, but dogs can also be affected. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage. This can also cause damage to your pet’s red blood cells, which prevents them from carrying oxygen. This can cause the death of the animal.

In cats, a dose as low as 45 mg can be fatal.

A Tylenol® Children’s Chewable Tablet contains 160 mg of acetaminophen!

In dogs, toxic liver disease can occur at doses of 75-100 mg / kg

For a 10 kg dog, 3 regular Tylenol® (325 mg) or 2 extra-strong Tylenol® (500 mg) capsules can cause hepatitis.

4. ADDERAL ®

Adderall® is a combination of four salts of amphetamines and is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. This medicine does not have the same effect in animals as in people. It acts as a stimulant in our pets and causes an increase in heart rate and body temperature, as well as hyperactivity, tremors and convulsions.Even small doses can cause these signs.

5. VENLAFAXINE (EFFEXOR®)

Venlafaxine belongs to the class of antidepressant and anxiolytic drugs called selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs. It is used to treat depression. It acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to rectify the mood of people with depression.

With medications to treat heart problems, diabetes and high cholesterol, medications to treat depression are very popular in Canada.

For some unknown reason, cats like to eat capsules. Ingestion may cause agitation, vocalization, tremors and convulsions. Signs can last several days. A toxic dose as low as 2-3 mg / kg is reported. Therefore, for a 4.5 kg adult cat, a 10 mg dose would be toxic. The smallest Effexor® capsule is 37.5 mg!

OTHER MEDICINES FREQUENTLY INVOLVED IN POISONING IN PETS

Alprazolam (Xanax®) is prescribed as an anti-anxiety medication and as a sleep aid.

Zolpidem (Ambien®) is a sleep aid for insomniacs.

Clonazepam (Klonopin®) is used as an anticonvulsant and anti-anxiety medication.

Naproxen (Aleve®, Naprosyn®) is an over-the-counter pain reliever.

Duloxetine (Cymbalta®) is prescribed as an antidepressant and anti-anxiety medication.

CONCLUSION

Keep your medication out of the reach of your dogs and cats, even if kept in safe containers. Do not give your medication to your pets, unless you have told your veterinarian before hand.

In case of poisoning: contact your veterinarian or emergency center immediately if your veterinary clinic is closed.

USEFUL LINK

ASPCA https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

FRUITS AND VEGGIES : WHAT IS SAFE AND WHAT ISN’T FOR OUR DOGS.

INTRODUCTION

Several foods that we found in our fridges and pantries should never be given to our dogs. On the other hand, many familiar foods can be offered to them. What are they? That’s what we’re going to see today.

This blog will mainly focus on dogs, as they are most likely to eat all sorts of things, not to say anything! But when that is indicated, we will make a note regarding the food that should not be given to our cats, rabbits and birds.

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

WARNING!

Beware, it is not because we recommend a fruit or a vegetable, that one must exaggerate in the quantity to give.  We are talking here about small pieces, mainly given as treats.

In some cases, we can give a little more, we will see.

Moreover, not all dogs are equal. Some will not tolerate certain fruits or vegetables, as they will cause vomiting. If this is the case, please abstain from giving those to your pet.berries-blueberries-raspberries-fruit-122442

So if we do not cause an imbalance in the diet of our dogs, the amount of vegetables and fruits should be less than 10% of its total diet. Moreover, at this amount, the risks of causing urinary problems in certain dogs predisposed to make stones in the bladder are almost nonexistent.

However, there may be restrictions if your dog is suffering from certain diseases, so talk to your veterinarian.

Popular fruits and vegetables that do not present problems:

-FRUITS

APPLES

OK. Apples are an excellent source of vitamins A and C, as well as fiber. They are low in protein and fat, making it a good treat for older dogs. Do not give the core because of the risk of suffocation.

BANANAS

Ok. But in very small quantities, because they are quite caloric.

Pieces of dried bananas can be given as treats for rabbits.

OK for birds, but in very small quantity.

WATERMELON

Ok. Very popular during summertime , small pieces can be given, but the bark and seeds must be removed.

OK for the birds.

SMALL FRUITS (Strawberries, blueberries, raspberries)

Ok. In moderation for raspberries and strawberries because of the sugar. It is essential to wash the berries well before offering them.

Dehydrated strawberries can be offered sparingly to rabbits as a treat.

ORANGES AND CLEMENTINES

Ok. Without the skin and seeds.

Citrus fruits are excellent fruits to offer your birds

KIWI

Ok. Without the skin.

This is the best fruit to offer to your birds and guinea pigs (because of high content in Vitamin C).

-VEGETABLES

BROCCOLI

Ok. But in small quantities, as they may cause vomiting due to the isothiocyanates they contain, which may cause gastric irritation.

CUCUMBER AND CELERY

Ok. Very low in calories.

CARROTS

Ok. With moderation because of their sugar content.

TOMATO

Ok. IF only the fruit is offered and not the stem that contains solanine, which can be toxic when ingested in large quantities.

GREEN BEANS

OK. In limited quantities. Some dogs prefer them al dente!

Popular fruits and vegetables that should be avoided:

-FRUITS

GRAPES (and red currants)

NO! Grapes can cause acute kidney failure.

All types of products containing grapes or raisins (including grape juice, mixtures of nuts and dry fruits, bagels, etc.) can cause kidney failure. Even organic, pesticide-free, grapes grown in domestic gardens can cause toxicity. Although the mechanism of action is not clearly understood, these fruits may lead to anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea and potentially severe acute renal failure (which develops several days later). Toxicity is not necessarily dose dependent, and symptoms may occur even with small ingestions.

CHERRIES

No. Even if the fruit itself is not toxic, the leaves, stems and pits are. They contain cyanide. However, the quantities are not high and the cores must be ground to release the toxic precursors.

Then, as a precaution, it is better to avoid them.

AVOCADO

No. The pit, skin and avocado leaves contain persin, a toxin that often causes vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. The fruit itself, does not have as much persin as the rest of the plant, but it is still has too much for dogs.

Very toxic to birds and rabbits. So avoid at all cost.

-VEGETABLES

KALE

No.  because very small amounts can cause vomiting in some dogs and we do not know why …

MUSHROOMS

No. Avoid wild mushrooms, there are too many that are toxic. Unless you are an experienced mycologist, be sure to stay clear of them. As for mushrooms sold commercially, white mushrooms would be OK and according to several mycologists, are the only ones that can be eaten raw in a safe way.

Precautionary principle: do not give mushrooms.

ASPARAGUS

No. not because they are toxic. Raw, they are too woody and difficult to chew and cooked, they are soft and have little food interest. This is not the best vegetable.

ONION, GARLIC, LEEK AND CHIVE

No. They may cause gastrointestinal irritation and may lead to red blood cell lesions: anemia.

Although cats are more sensitive, dogs are also at risk if a large amount is consumed. A small occasional dose, such as what can be found in pet foods or treats, will probably not be a problem, but as a precaution, we should not give them to our pets.

MACADAM NUTS

No. Macadam nuts are commonly used in many cookies and sweets. However, they can cause problems for your dog. These nuts can cause weakness, depression, vomiting, tremors and fever in dogs. Signs usually appear within 12 hours of ingestion and last about 12 to 48 hours.

Useful links:

Pet Poison Helpline Poison Control Center

http://www.petpoisonhelpline.com/

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

Inappropriate Elimination in cats

Inappropriate Elimination in cats according to the veterinarians of the Lachine Veterinary Clinic.

When a cat urinates or eliminates stools in the house and out of its litter box, it is never pleasant. This behavior is called inappropriate elimination. And the latter is the most common undesirable behavior encountered with cats.

Causes

The causes of an  inappropriate elimination can be divided in two: medical and non-medical .

Medical causes

In terms of medical causes, veterinarians at the Lachine veterinary clinic immediately think of urinary problems such as cystitis (bladder infection) or the presence of stones in the bladder. These conditions generate a lot of pain and  cats that have them tend to want to urinate very often, but in small amounts wherever they are, every time the pain becomes too intense.

Other diseases such as renal insufficiency, hyperthyroidism and diabetes, to name a few, cause excessive thirst and are associated naturally with frequent urination. Cats with these conditions find it difficult to hold back and sometimes, they urinate outside their tank when they cannot reach them in time.

Some geriatric diseases such as osteoarthritis can also cause inopportune elimination. If the tray is placed on a countertop or in a location that is not easily accessible, the arthritic cat will have greater  difficulty accessing it. Same thing if the walls of the litter box are very high, the cat can then have a lot of difficulty climbing up the litter box and will have no choice but to eliminate elsewhere.

Eventually, diseases of the digestive system such as colitis, intestinal parasites, constipation, blockage or infection of the anal bags, can result in the elimination of stools in the home.

Non-medical causes

Apart from medical causes, the major non-medical causes can be divided into three categories: aversion, preference and marking. In terms of aversion, a cat may not like its tray, the type of litter used, or where it is located. For example, if the tray is placed in the children’s playroom, it is quite possible that the cat hesitates to go to in his box.cat-336270_960_720

The strong odors that sometimes come out of the tank when it is not cleaned often enough, can sometimes discourage the cat from going there also.  Scented litters sometimes can cause the same problem. Finally, some ammonia-based detergents have the unfortunate property of leaving an unpleasant residual odor for cats, who ,let’s not forget, have a much more developed sense of smell than ours and will then avoid going into the box .

The type of litter used may also cause aversion in some cats, whether due to the texture or the inadequate amount of litter in the tray .

The height and style of the litter box can also cause undesirable aversion and elimination. Think of an inferior sized tray, too small for a big cat or conversely far too high for a kitten. Some bins are nowadays fitted with lids and this is not always adequate for some felines.

In terms of preference, it can be said that a cat may prefer one kind over another. It may prefer clumping litter to that made of traditional clay gravel. He may also prefer one place rather than another, especially if the box is in a busy place. In some cases, the texture and cleanliness of some places such as the carpet in the living room, the floor in the dining room, some fabrics such as clothes or plastic may seem more attractive to a cat.

Marking

Finally, marking is a normal behavior in cats, it is their way of leaving their business card, marking their territory or attracting a potential mate. It is however very unpleasant! Unsterilized cats  have a special way of marking: they mainly make it standing up, allowing small amounts of urine to escape on vertical surfaces. Some cats and sterilized cats will mark their territory by urinating on certain objects belonging to the owner. With these animals, this type of tagging is often associated with the presence of outside cats. It can also be a manifestation of anxiety in some cats . Note that the incidence of this type of marking increases with the number of cats living under one roof. One study reported a 100% chance in families with 10 or more cats.

Treatment

Let’s see how to fix the problem.

No punishment!

In the first place, you must make sure that your cat does not suffer from a medical problem. You should therefore consult the veterinarians of the Lachine Veterinary Clinic.

It is essential to clean the soiled areas. We strongly recommend using products that will completely neutralize odors ,not masking products like certain fragrances. For more information, please contact us. You can also cover the areas soiled with a thick plastic. This can have the effect of discouraging the cat from eliminating on the covered location.

If it is an inopportune elimination related to the aversion phenomenon, you must carry out an impeccable maintenance of the tank: remove urine and feces as they appear. If you choose clumping litter, in addition to removing stools, you should remove the agglomerated urine pellets daily and change the litter once a week. When cleaning the tray, do not forget to use ammonia or bleach cleaners.

It is important to provide the cat with an inopportune elimination problem,  a good variety of bins and litters. Offer different models of different sizes.

Another good idea is to place bins in the places chosen by the cat. You can then move these containers to a more convenient location very gradually.

In a family where several cats live, it is also important to identify the culprit: if necessary, you should isolate the cats ,one by one for a short period of time, in a room. Also, remember that you should have at least one litter box per cat living under one roof, plus another , and up to five. So, in a family where four cats live, we should find five clean litter boxes!

Sterilization is effective in 90% of males and 95% of females to regulate  inappropriate eliminations .

In regards to sterilized cats that are marking; attempts should be made to limit the ability of house cats to view outside cats and ,when possible, to get rid of these cats . You must block visual access through windows and doors. You can also lock the cat in a room where he cannot see the outside cats. In some cases, motion sensors or fences can keep some outdoor cats out of the yard and away from the windows.

A behavioral consultation with a veterinarian is always indicated. Sometimes some medication may be prescribed to correct the problem when environmental changes or sterilization have not been effective. Talk to veterinarians at the Lachine Veterinary Clinic.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

Do not forget them!

More than 150,000 cats and dogs will soon be moving with their owners. Unfortunately, a few thousands of them will also be abandoned in animal management centers, humane societies, shelters and veterinary clinics. Worse, some will simply be abandoned in homes or thrown to the streets, a situation that is vigorously denounced by the Veterinary Medical Association of Quebec ( small animal practice).

Cats and dogs are sensitive beings  who habits, routine and territory are of major importance. The day they are forced to leave their homes and settle in another environment, it is normal that they feel disturbed and stressed.

Everything must be put in place to minimize the negative effects of such disturbance. To help you better plan your move, the Association of Quebec veterinarians ( small animal practice) offers these tips:

– In the weeks before the move, contact your veterinarian to see if the coverage of your pet is up to date and its preventive medication against the various parasites is in order. If you move to another city, ask for your pet’s medical record. Take the opportunity to ask your former vet to recommend a new vet near your new home. Do not forget to renew your prescription drugs if you have a pet with special needs;thai-cat-1317846_960_720

– Do not forget to prepare a special box for your pet with toys, leash, his bowl, his food, his litter,  and his pillow. A box  that will be easily accessible. Do not take advantage of the move to  throw everything away! Keep objects that will reassure your animal like an old sweater, for example;

– Make sure you have enough food for your dog or cat, especially if it eats a special diet. Also purchase a transport cage, a good collar and a  good quality leash;

– If you believe that the day of big departure may be a bit chaotic, why not book a place immediately (your veterinarian, a pension, friends, family, a neighbor) in order to keep your cat or dog. Thus, you will have no need to worry. Place your pet, one or two day (s) before departure to avoid the hustle of the final preparations;

– Learn the laws of your new location for the number of animals allowed and the different responsibilities you must meet;

– Think of questioning the former owners, of your new home, to see if they had unwanted guests like rodents and or small animals lurking around. Never assume that the apartment is free of undesirable occupants. As a precaution, give your pets preventative treatments against internal and external parasites. Know that the smells of other animals are often persistent and can cause behavioral changes  in cats ( marking territory and not always going in the litter box) Make a good cleaning, especially carpets;

– By kindness, write  a note to the  future owner of your old home to show him that  a cat or dog lived there. They will be less surprised if one day, your dog or cat decides to run away and return to live in his previous home;

– During the move, always use a transport cage for cats and even small dogs;

– Be careful if your dog has a tendency to be anxious. The stress of the changes can cause mood swings and aggressive behavior. Some products available from your veterinarian can help reduce stress and promote adaptation. Do not hesitate to ask for advice;

– Beware of heat stroke, never leave your pet alone in a car or truck;

– Upon arrival, install your animals (especially cats) in a small room not too busy, or keep it in its cage until everything is completed. Make sure that there is no passages where the animal can run away. Scribble a note on the door saying not to let out the animal;

– Pay attention to indigestion or potential poisoning from products lying around or even leftover pizza !!! ;

– Be careful, a new environment can mean dangers of running away. Beware, for example, of open doors,  exhaust air dryer hoses or faulty fences. The animal may  be tempted to return to his former home;

– Some cats can hide and be afraid, while others explore everywhere. Beware of traps that await your pet as window sills, streets, pools, etc. Loss of appetite can also be observed for a few days, be careful and patient. However, if it persists more than 24 or 48 hours, contact a veterinarian. Let your cat or your dog time to tame the surroundings and to establish his little routine;

– Do not forget to put an identification collar and the new municipal medal for your pet to comply with  regulations and thus help find your pet in case he/she runs away. Permanent identification with a microchip is also strongly recommended and if it is already installed, do not forget to change the address in the database. This is your best guarantee for the safe return of your pet;

– In general, dogs are more resistant to removal than cats. Sometimes it’s the neighbors who have less tolerance for dogs than cats. So be aware of this, especially if your dog tends to bark or your cat to wander. Be respectful of the environment in order to establish a good neighborhood. It would also be nice to present them your neighbors to show them ‘what a good pet you have’.

– Make a visit at your new vet to get to know, the hours of operation and services offered, while opening a folder for your pet. Take the opportunity to transfer data from your old medical file and let them inform you about any prevention needs depending on the new environment.

If you practice these recommendations, you should be able to minimize the impact of the move on your pets and together, start a new stage in your life!

Translated from Source: Quebec Veterinary Medical Association in small animal practice

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

Dental Cleaning for your Pet

Professional dental cleaning is often indicated when periodontal disease is present. The veterinarians from the Lachine Veterinary Clinic are pleased to provide you with the appropriate information concerning the procedure.

Our own teeth are scaled by a dentist or hygienist – we sit in the chair and open our mouth when requested, letting the professional do their work. While the principles of good oral hygiene and dental health are the same for dogs and cats as for people, there are some significant differences. We understand why the procedure is important, and we typically do not need sedation or restraint. Neither is true for our pets. Another important difference between human and veterinary dental practice is that we tell the dentist when there is discomfort; to ensure that nothing is missed in dogs or cats, our patients require a thorough oral examination as part of a dental scaling procedure. Your veterinary dentist may recommend dental radiographs.animal-dog-pet-dangerous-large

Professional dental cleaning includes scaling and other steps described below.

Every professional dental cleaning starts with a review of the patient’s general health and any previous dental history. For a thorough, safe dental cleaning in veterinary patients, anesthesia is essential, as this permits a comprehensive assessment of the tissues, allows dental radiographs to be made when indicated, followed by the cleaning (scaling and polishing procedure) itself above and below the gum-line.

Non-anesthetic or Anesthesia-free dental scaling” is not recommended by AVDC

http://avdc.org/AFD/

If the extent of the abnormality is limited to accumulation of plaque and dental tartar with gingivitis or only mild periodontitis (bone loss around the tooth), professional dental cleaning is indicated. The veterinary dentist will call the owner if additional abnormalities requiring attention are found.

Professional dental cleaning removes dental plaque and tartar that cause periodontal disease. The dental deposits are removed by power (ultrasonic) and hand dental scalers. Following scaling, the teeth are polished to remove residual plaque and to smooth the tooth surface (which delays deposition of plaque and tartar subsequently). The mouth is rinsed to remove debris prior to a final inspection. The pet owner will be provided with recommendations for daily home oral hygiene specific for dogs or cats, and a recommendation made for a follow-up examination.

Questions? Call us now! 514-634-4190.

American Veterinary Dental College

http://www.avdc.org/careforcats.html

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.