Category Archives: Reptile

PROTECTING FIVE FREEDOMS TO ENSURE ANIMAL WELFARE

Introduction

Every year for more than 30 years , the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association has organized Animal Life Week. This year, it will be held from October 1st to 7th .

This year’s theme highlights the five fundamental freedoms that animals need to survive and thrive.

This year’s theme is an opportunity to remind animal owners (not just pets) of the fundamentals they must provide to the animals entrusted to their care to ensure they lead a happy and healthy life.SEMAINE VIE ANIMALE

Even though many think they know the factors that can make a pet happy, it is good to be reminded of them from time to time and Animal Life Week is a good opportunity to do so.

What is the origin of the five freedoms?

According to the OIE (World Organization for Animal Health), animal welfare “refers to the way in which an animal evolves in the conditions that surrounds it”.

The OIE guidelines on animal welfare also refer to the universally recognized “five fundamental freedoms” laid down in 1965 to describe the rights of animals under human responsibility.

In 2002, at the request of its Member States (including Canada), and recognizing that animal health is a fundamental component of their well-being, the OIE expanded its mandate to include standards on the well- being.

The first OIE intergovernmental standards on animal welfare were published in 2005.

The standards adopted focus on the welfare of terrestrial animals and farmed fish in specific configurations.

They are regularly updated as scientific knowledge evolves.

OIE standards are adopted by consensus at the World Assembly of National Delegates of the OIE, which means that all Member States undertake to apply them at national level, disregarding each state’s cultural and economic situation.

The Five Animal Freedoms

Pet owners can protect the Five Animal Freedoms by:

  1. Providing appropriate nutrition

Prevent hunger and thirst by providing fresh water and food to ensure vigorous health.

  1. Providing appropriate socialization

Give the opportunity to spend time with or without members of their species according to their needs.

  1. Providing appropriate accommodation

Provide a suitable environment that includes a shelter and a comfortable rest area to avoid discomfort.

  1. Providing appropriate veterinary care

Promote the absence of pain, injury or illness through prevention or prompt diagnosis and treatment.

  1. Allowing animals to behave normally

Promote the ability to express normal behavior by providing adequate space, adequate facilities, tools and accessories, and by not punishing animals when they exhibit undesirable behavior.

Conclusion

You want your animals to be happy? You must then protect their five fundamental freedoms.

All provinces have organizations that promote and protect animal welfare. Most of these organizations are underfunded and require volunteers and donations. Do not hesitate to support them.

 Useful links

OIE Animal welfare

http://www.oie.int/fr/bien-etre-animal/la-sante-animale-dun-coup-doeil/

Canadian Veterinary Medical Association: Animal Health Week 2017

https://www.veterinairesaucanada.net/practice-economics/animal-health-week-current

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

 

 

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If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

Christmas tree and your companions! Words of caution by veterinarians of Lachine

Veterinarians of Lachine would like to share some recommendations.

What’s more interesting for a cat, a dog, a ferret, rabbit and even a bird than a pretty and sparkling tree full of decorations?

Veterinarians of Lachine suggest you take a few precautions to avoid spending part of your holiday vacation at the vet!

What's more interesting for a cat, a dog, a ferret, rabbit and even a bird than a pretty and sparkling tree full of decorations?

What’s more interesting for a cat, a dog, a ferret, rabbit and even a bird than a pretty and sparkling tree full of decorations?

Solidify your tree:

Install your tree in a corner, ideally away from any object that could help your companion climb the tree. Make sure it is secure and solid!

Add a fortress

You can also add an enclosure or fence around your tree, although not very aesthetic, this is very effective. Another alternative, especially interesting and effective for cats is to use the Ssscat® by Multivet. This device has a motion detector that alerts your companion if he approaches a forbidden zone. If he decides to come closer, the device sends a odorless jet of air towards your companion.

Beware of decorations:

Veterinarians of Lachine suggest you avoid putting decorations at the bottom of the tree, to tame temptations. Same thing with Christmas lights, your companions might chew electrical cords. Here are some things to avoid:

– Tinsel decorations: If ingested they can cause serious problems.

– Glass christmas ornaments: Prefer shatterproof or wood ornaments

– Electrical Wires: Conceal the wires around your tree.

– Small ornaments: that can easily be ingested.

– Wires or ribbons: Can cause the same problems as the tinsel.

– Hooks: Make sure they are secure and that the ornaments are securely fastened.

– Standing water: If you have a real tree, make sure that the water container is out of reach of your companions.

Monitoring is required:

Observe your companions during the first few hours after putting your tree up. Make any necessary adjustments if you discover some flaws in your fortress! Prevention is the key, that way you’ll spend a safe holiday season.

You have other trick or idea? Please contact us!

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

Animal health week from September 28 to October 4, 2014

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) would like to recognize Animal Health Week by drawing attention to the important role played by veterinarians in keeping animals, and, in turn, humans, healthy through the appropriate use of antibiotics.

For more information visit this link!

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

The abandonment of pets

It is well known, the true national sport of Quebecers is not hockey. It is moving.In about two weeks, all trucks in Quebec will be requisitioned for this annual chore. July 1st is a day to forget for motorists, motorcyclists and cyclists traveling in Montreal. Besides  regular roadwork and festivals clogging traffic , the additional moving trucks double parked everywhere ,won’t improve the situation. Fortunately, the bulk of all the moving being done is on July 1st, which is a holiday.

What scares us is that by the time everyone planning to move will be finished moving into their new homes,hundreds of pets will be abandoned by their owners.

What scares us is that by the time everyone planning to move will be finished moving into their new homes,hundreds of pets will be abandoned by their owners.

The reason we apprehend July 1st in this chronicle, is not because we are afraid of being caught in a traffic jam. What scares us is that by the time everyone planning to move will be finished moving into their new homes,hundreds of pets will be abandoned by their owners. A yearly event, that, is terrible.

According to recently published statistics, nearly 45% of Quebec households owns a pet, but on average, these animals are kept for two years …

We know and we are regularly reminded by the fact that organizations protect animals. But regardless,each year, thousands of pets are abandoned. And when moving season and the summer holidays approach, the situation escalates.

For many people who had not thought of that(moving,vacations etc,) before acquiring a pet, these two periods are often problematic.

To make matters worse, with the housing crisis raging in Quebec these days, landlords become increasingly picky and accept fewer tenants who own an animal.

The result is that many animals get abandoned, left on the street or are sent to a refuge, where most of the time they will eventually be euthanized.

How to avoid this carnage?

Before buying a pet, find a solution and plan your absences. There are several solutions: pension specialists, pet stores, veterinary clinics, family, friends. Many hotels even allow dogs. Simply search.

If unfortunately you must move into a home where pets are not allowed, two solutions  are available to you. The Quebec Society for Animal Welfare (SQDA) suggests that you  offer to pay a security deposit to the landlord. In this way, the future tenant ensures that in case of damage caused by his animal to the property, the landlord will be compensated.

If negotiations fail, you need to find a host family for your pet. Animals adapt very well to new families. Euthanasia is not a solution. And like most animals that are left in refuges are eventually euthanized, abandoning your pet in the various shelters across Quebec is not a solution. You should have thought this through. This is your pet, your responsibility.

What about people who do not even  bother to take their pet to the shelter and decide to abandon them in the street? Those people disgust me. A couple years ago, one of our clients, who was moving into her new apartment , found a box full of hungry kittens….

And unfortunately, abandoned animals are rarely sterilized, and therefore contribute in aggravating the problem of stray animal overpopulation.

We invite you to take  responsibility and show good citizenship. Do not let a beautiful season like summer, become an innocent animal’s nightmare.

Allergies to pets

More and more people each year ,suffer from pet allergies .

If you are among those allergic to animals, let’s try together to find some elements of solution to a complex situation.

For people who love animals , especially for children, allergies to pets can be disappointing see catastrophic.

For people who love animals , especially for children, allergies to pets can be disappointing see catastrophic.

First, we must say that apart from reptiles and fish, no real animal is hypoallergenic . It just does not exist .Even if reptiles do not have hair ,feathers or skin glands and are not sticky , a person could still be allergic to reptile dander, but these animals, do not shed dander . So in theory, reptiles can therefore be considered hypoallergenic. Although many folks claim to still be allergic to them…the problem seems to be more psychological and that’s a whole other can of worms ! So we can say that snakes, lizards and turtles are the hypoallergenic equivalent of being the number one contender.

Fish are also a great choice for allergy sufferers. It is clear that the relationship between the master and the fish is not as strong as in the case of a mammal or a bird, but a beautiful aquarium in a home, gives it life, provides an amazing relaxing effect and is an exciting hobby .

As mentioned above, regardless of the animal, with hair or feathers, none of them can be considered hypoallergenic. Curly -haired dogs , such as Poodles, Bichon Frises , Kerry Blues and Bedlingtons to name a few , generally cause fewer reactions than dogs with short hair. But do not forget they can also cause allergies.

Regarding cats , it is now known that much of the severe reactions caused by cats, are due to an allergen that has been identified and referred to Fel d 1 . It’s an allergen that comes from the cat’s sebaceous glands. By licking itself, the cat’s allergen will spread all over his coat. Some people also react to cat dander , but it is generally recognized that the allergen Fel d 1 is the main culprit. By the way, even the Rex cat breed,known for its very short hair and the virtually hairless Sphinx can also be allergenic ,proving that the main source of allergies come from sebaceous glands and not the hair itself. Interesting statistic , it seems that in North America , cats are responsible for nearly 66 % of the allergic reactions triggered by animals. Just in the United States , it is estimated that 27 million people are allergic to cats .

In closing, we invite all those who suffer from allergies to proceed with caution. The reactions can sometimes be violent. Before adopting a pet, it is wise to do some tests. Tests conducted by specialists can show you what animals you are allergic to . But in addition to these tests, you should visit someone who has a similar animal to the one you would like to adopt . Stay long enough , handle the animal cautiously and gradually and observe your reaction.This way, you will avoid unpleasant surprises.

Advice from veterinarians of Lachine before buying a turtle

Turtles are still popular with fans of exotic animals and a anyone wanting to adopt a turtle should ask these questions to a qualified specialist like your local veterinarian. Here are some recommendations from veterinarians of Lachine .

Dr Beauchamp and Dinnia with a Sulcata tortoise.

Dr Beauchamp and Dinnia with a Sulcata tortoise.

The first thing to know is that a turtle can not be tamed like a dog. It can get used to our presence and manipulation , but will always be more independent than a mammal or birds,for example . With patience , you can sometimes change its character and make it a little more sociable and fun to keep .

In regard to size, most pet stores offer their customers hatchlings , which can lead to unpleasant surprises . When it is sold , the famous little red-eared turtle measures only 4 cm in diameter and weighs only a few grams..but when fully grown , this aquatic turtle can measure more than 30 cm and can weigh nearly two pounds! Veterinarians of Lachine reminds you that aquatic turtle of that size requires a fairly large tank and expensive equipment …just to keep it clean and liveable for the turtle. It is therefore very important to be well informed about the adult size of the coveted turtle . This is true for all reptiles.

Feeding turtles vary greatly from one species to another. Some tortoises are herbivores and only require a daily intake of vegetables. Aquatic turtles are primarily carnivores and must be fed into the water. When fed into the basin where they live, major water pollution can occur and therefore requires even more maintenance. Veterinarians of Lachine recommend you feed your turtles outside of the ” terrarium ” where they live. In a separate tank.

Turtles are generally not aggressive and timid. Bites attributed to the tortoises are very rare. Aquatic turtles , meanwhile, do not hesitate to show their disagreement by biting unwary manipulators.

Some believe that turtles require no maintenance . This is totally false. It is true that many of them require less care than a dog , a cat or a bird, but a minimum of attention is crucial. Regular cleaning of the aquarium , filter and weekly water changes are essential. Otherwise, the aquarium may turn into a stinking swamp. Similarly, terrariums should be cleaned regularly to avoid unhealthy microbial growth.

Some desert species require a hot and dry environment. By cons , most tropical species need a warm environment ( 25-35 C) with about 60% humidity.

Warning! Veterinarians of Lachine remind you that in most regions of Canada , custody of wildlife , including turtles is prohibited , unless a special permit is issued. In addition, you should never keep turtles that were not born in captivity , even if the laws of your province or city allows you to do so. Since several species of turtles are endangered, always make sure that the turtles you purchase come from farms and can be legally owned as pets in the area where you live.

Finally, veterinarians of Lachine would like to talk to future and present turtle owners about salmonella, a disease that can cause severe gastroenteritis to them and their families. Human salmonella is mainly transmitted by contaminated food. But it can also be transmitted by direct or indirect contact with feces of dogs, cats , rodents , rabbits, birds and reptiles. Remain vigilant with all reptiles, including turtles and consider them as potential carriers of salmonella. Therefore it is essential to wash your hands after cleaning the terrarium or after handling a turtle. In fact the same could be said after handling any kind of animals . Recently the United States , following the publication of the Disney cartoon “The Princess and the Frog “, the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta issued an alert to salmonella. Indeed , several children ,wanting to imitate the princess who kissed the frog, caught salmonella…. while kissing an actual frog.

Make sure to be present when children handle your pet reptiles. So you can ensure that all involved have washed their hands like they should .

Besides, that’s what everyone should do after having touched any animal …