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FRUITS AND VEGGIES : WHAT IS SAFE AND WHAT ISN’T FOR OUR DOGS.

INTRODUCTION

Several foods that we found in our fridges and pantries should never be given to our dogs. On the other hand, many familiar foods can be offered to them. What are they? That’s what we’re going to see today.

This blog will mainly focus on dogs, as they are most likely to eat all sorts of things, not to say anything! But when that is indicated, we will make a note regarding the food that should not be given to our cats, rabbits and birds.

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

WARNING!

Beware, it is not because we recommend a fruit or a vegetable, that one must exaggerate in the quantity to give.  We are talking here about small pieces, mainly given as treats.

In some cases, we can give a little more, we will see.

Moreover, not all dogs are equal. Some will not tolerate certain fruits or vegetables, as they will cause vomiting. If this is the case, please abstain from giving those to your pet.berries-blueberries-raspberries-fruit-122442

So if we do not cause an imbalance in the diet of our dogs, the amount of vegetables and fruits should be less than 10% of its total diet. Moreover, at this amount, the risks of causing urinary problems in certain dogs predisposed to make stones in the bladder are almost nonexistent.

However, there may be restrictions if your dog is suffering from certain diseases, so talk to your veterinarian.

Popular fruits and vegetables that do not present problems:

-FRUITS

APPLES

OK. Apples are an excellent source of vitamins A and C, as well as fiber. They are low in protein and fat, making it a good treat for older dogs. Do not give the core because of the risk of suffocation.

BANANAS

Ok. But in very small quantities, because they are quite caloric.

Pieces of dried bananas can be given as treats for rabbits.

OK for birds, but in very small quantity.

WATERMELON

Ok. Very popular during summertime , small pieces can be given, but the bark and seeds must be removed.

OK for the birds.

SMALL FRUITS (Strawberries, blueberries, raspberries)

Ok. In moderation for raspberries and strawberries because of the sugar. It is essential to wash the berries well before offering them.

Dehydrated strawberries can be offered sparingly to rabbits as a treat.

ORANGES AND CLEMENTINES

Ok. Without the skin and seeds.

Citrus fruits are excellent fruits to offer your birds

KIWI

Ok. Without the skin.

This is the best fruit to offer to your birds and guinea pigs (because of high content in Vitamin C).

-VEGETABLES

BROCCOLI

Ok. But in small quantities, as they may cause vomiting due to the isothiocyanates they contain, which may cause gastric irritation.

CUCUMBER AND CELERY

Ok. Very low in calories.

CARROTS

Ok. With moderation because of their sugar content.

TOMATO

Ok. IF only the fruit is offered and not the stem that contains solanine, which can be toxic when ingested in large quantities.

GREEN BEANS

OK. In limited quantities. Some dogs prefer them al dente!

Popular fruits and vegetables that should be avoided:

-FRUITS

GRAPES (and red currants)

NO! Grapes can cause acute kidney failure.

All types of products containing grapes or raisins (including grape juice, mixtures of nuts and dry fruits, bagels, etc.) can cause kidney failure. Even organic, pesticide-free, grapes grown in domestic gardens can cause toxicity. Although the mechanism of action is not clearly understood, these fruits may lead to anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea and potentially severe acute renal failure (which develops several days later). Toxicity is not necessarily dose dependent, and symptoms may occur even with small ingestions.

CHERRIES

No. Even if the fruit itself is not toxic, the leaves, stems and pits are. They contain cyanide. However, the quantities are not high and the cores must be ground to release the toxic precursors.

Then, as a precaution, it is better to avoid them.

AVOCADO

No. The pit, skin and avocado leaves contain persin, a toxin that often causes vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. The fruit itself, does not have as much persin as the rest of the plant, but it is still has too much for dogs.

Very toxic to birds and rabbits. So avoid at all cost.

-VEGETABLES

KALE

No.  because very small amounts can cause vomiting in some dogs and we do not know why …

MUSHROOMS

No. Avoid wild mushrooms, there are too many that are toxic. Unless you are an experienced mycologist, be sure to stay clear of them. As for mushrooms sold commercially, white mushrooms would be OK and according to several mycologists, are the only ones that can be eaten raw in a safe way.

Precautionary principle: do not give mushrooms.

ASPARAGUS

No. not because they are toxic. Raw, they are too woody and difficult to chew and cooked, they are soft and have little food interest. This is not the best vegetable.

ONION, GARLIC, LEEK AND CHIVE

No. They may cause gastrointestinal irritation and may lead to red blood cell lesions: anemia.

Although cats are more sensitive, dogs are also at risk if a large amount is consumed. A small occasional dose, such as what can be found in pet foods or treats, will probably not be a problem, but as a precaution, we should not give them to our pets.

MACADAM NUTS

No. Macadam nuts are commonly used in many cookies and sweets. However, they can cause problems for your dog. These nuts can cause weakness, depression, vomiting, tremors and fever in dogs. Signs usually appear within 12 hours of ingestion and last about 12 to 48 hours.

Useful links:

Pet Poison Helpline Poison Control Center

http://www.petpoisonhelpline.com/

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.
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Fleas

Let’s talk about fleas! All animals that go outside should receive monthly medication to prevent flea infestations  (one medication can be given every 3 months!). Our animals get fleas by frequenting places that are contaminated with flea eggs: your yard, under your balcony … in short, any place in which a stray cat, a skunk or a raccoon can go or get into. In addition to being a major nuisance, fleas can transmit to your pets and mainly to cats , the infamous tapeworm …yikes! Fleas can also transmit a blood parasite in cats called Mycoplasma haemofelis, which causes severe lethargy and anemia (low levels of red blood cells, the cells that carry oxygen throughout the body).friends-1149841_960_720

Fleas reproduce rather quickly, and they prefer to feed on animal blood. However, you are at risk to be bitten if your animal is infested. Flea eggs mature in dark, warm places, such as rugs or cracks in the floor. After maturing into adults, they jump onto your animal, feed, and then reproduce. After laying eggs, the eggs will fall back onto the floor and the cycle begins again. The best way to get rid of fleas is to treat your animal once a month for 6 months. There are many medications available. Once your animal is treated, the fleas start to die off and fall off your animal. The repeated treatments are necessary in order to eliminate all the immature fleas and eggs as well. It is a common myth to restrict your animal to one room in the house in order to contain the fleas. It is more efficient to let your animal roam free, that way the fleas (who are very good at hiding!) will jump on him or her and then die off. If you restrict your pet, the fleas that are hiding in other rooms in the house will have no animal to jump on but you!

If your home is infested with fleas, in addition to treating ALL your pets (if one pet is infested with fleas, then all your pets are considered infested), your home needs to be cleaned thoroughly as well. It is important to vacuum the whole house and wash everything the animal may have come in contact with.

Flea bites on humans tend to appear mostly on places where we touch our animals, and also on the lower legs and feet (fleas cannot jump very high). A good trick to test for fleas in your house is to walk around in white socks. The fleas can sometimes be seen on your socks.

To check your animal for fleas, simply part the fur and take a close look a the skin. The preferred site for fleas is the lower back, but they can be all over the body. An intact adult flea is difficult to catch, but very often we can see the flea’s excrement (flea dirt), which resembles little black dots shaped like a comma. You can rub your animals fur and see the flea dirt drop onto a white sheet of paper. Simply apply a few drops of water onto the dirt and rub it on the paper. If you notice a red streak of blood, this confirms that it is in fact flea dirt.

Prevention is always key. The Veterinarians at Lachine veterinary clinic recommend a monthly preventative for fleas. This can be combined with preventatives for ticks, heartworm and intestinal worms. The preventative is recommended for all dogs and outdoor cats, throughout the spring, summer and fall months from April-November.

Be careful! Certain flea/tick products with permethrin (applied to the skin), which are still on sale, are very toxic to cats and should not be used in a home where dogs and cats live together.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

GENERAL INFORMATION ON FELINE VACCINATION

The veterinarians of Lachine veterinary clinic demystify canine vaccination.

The basic vaccine (RCP): protects against the feline rhinotracheitis virus, calicivirus and panleukopenia.

These viruses are dangerous for your pet and are highly contagious between cats. Because these viruses can survive on objects, indoor cats can also catch these diseases.

Here are the main symptoms of these diseases:

tableaucat

Rabies vaccine: This virus is transmitted by saliva (via bite wounds) of wildlife animals, such as raccoon, skunks, foxes and bats and rabid pets.

The rabies virus can be transmitted to humans. Affected pets can show two types of symptoms: furious or paralytic (most canine cases).

There are three principal symptoms to recognize in a rabid animal:

—The virus targets the central nervous system. Therefore, lameness can be noticed in the bitten limb and eventually, general ataxia (abnormal gait) is observed.

—During the paralytic form, the virus causes paralysis of the larynx, resulting in marked salivation.

—Whatever its form, the rabies virus causes behavior modifications in animals. It is important to be wary of aggressive animals, but also of those abnormally quiet or easily approachable.

Leukemia vaccine (FeLV): FeLV virus is transmitted by saliva via bites, mutual grooming, licking and food and water bowl sharing. The virus can also be found in milk, nasal discharge, urine and feces.

The infected cats often show no symptoms, although some non-specific symptoms could be seen, like weight loss, diarrhea, nasal and/or ocular discharge, general weakness, lethargy and loss of appetite.cat-1184931_960_720

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV): It is mainly transmitted by the saliva via bite wounds. There’s no particular symptom associated with this disease other than a weakness of the immune system, resulting in various infections.

Possible post-vaccination reactions: after getting vaccine shots, your cat may become slightly lethargic and you may notice light swelling and discomfort at the injection site.

However, some symptoms are abnormal and suggest an allergic reaction.

Watch for these signs:

  • Skin rash;
  • Vomiting;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Loss of appetite;
  • Swelling of the face;
  • Shivering.

If you notice one or more of these signs, please call us quickly.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

Spring : the awakening of nature … and parasites (Updated)

Believe it or not, spring is coming this week ! We think we can all agree : FINALLY ! Unfortunately, during the awakening of nature, that is spring, everything wakes up. Our pets are coming out of a serious downtime called winter. No fleas , no ticks, no heartworms and less intestinal parasites. Putting nature in neutral for winter for the better part of four months is good. But now that the weather is on our doorstep , it’s a different story .

With spring comes flowers and... parasites.

With spring comes flowers and… parasites.

Does your pet go outside?

A renowned American organization called Companion Animal Parasite Council ( CAPC ) has issued a list of recommendations aimed at promoting optimal control of the internal and external parasites that threaten the health of people and pets. Indeed, some parasites that affect our pets can also affect the bipeds that we are. If your pet is an indoor pet only and has been declared free of all parasites by your veterinarian , you should not worry and can breath easy. But if your pet goes outside , even for a few minutes and even if it is exclusively in your yard, this column is for you .

Intestinal parasites

Regarding the prevention of intestinal parasites , CAPC recommends treating your pets preventively, monthly and yearly . It is clear that during our tough Quebec winters , presence of fleas and heartworm are almost at zero. However, because ,unfortunately ,not all dog owners pick up their dog’s feces , it is still possible (almost a sure bet) that your dog will become infected from another dog’s duty. In addition, if your cat goes outside and continues to hunt during winter , he’s a prime candidate for contamination.

Since the universal drug that eliminates all parasites does not exist, CAPC also recommends testing the stool of your pet regularly . Four times the first year of life , then twice a year thereafter.

Heartworm

The three endemic areas for this disease in Canada are Manitoba, southern Ontario and southern Quebec . Although the incidence of the disease is not dramatic, a recent study by Dr. Slocombe of the University of Guelph demonstrates that the disease has doubled in numbers of cases since 2002 .

During the summer , mosquitoes can transmit the larvae of the heartworm to dogs and cats . This disease, a cardiovascular heartworm ,can have very serious consequences on the health of your pet . The best way to deal with this disease is prevention.

Although the disease is not always fatal , treatment is very expensive and the risk of major side effects are possible. A way better alternative is to make sure your dogs, cats and ferrets stay protected from it altogether.

After performing a blood test , veterinarians will prescribe your pet a preventive medicine for their specific needs, which will keep it safe from heartworm disease . There are a variety of products available on the market. Some of these products have the advantage of preventing common intestinal parasites, heartworms and fleas. A three in one . What more can we ask for ?

Ticks

The type of tick responsible for the transmission of Lyme disease (and other diseases) is now present in Quebec and more dogs and cats are admitted in consultation ,because of ticks.

The tick feeds on the blood of his victims (mammals, birds, reptiles …). It stings his victim and remains hooked  for a long period. Especially females who need a lot of blood in order to lay their 3,000 eggs ,on average. The mouthparts that are inserted into the skin of the victim to firmly hold the mite in place do not fall easily.

There are now , new and safer tablets that prevent tick infestations and fleas on dogs. If ever you live in an environment where ticks are present ,we strongly recommend you  administer some to your dog during  tick season, ie from June to the end of November. But be careful! Products with permethrin (a solution that is directly applied to the skin) which are still sold by the way, are very toxic to cats and should not be used  in a home where dogs and cats live together. This is not the case for the new anti-protection products and oral chips mentioned above.

Lyme disease is surging in Quebec and  veterinarians of the Lachine Veterinary Clinic recommend that you  have your dog tested for the disease. This can be done at the same time your dog comes in for its heart worm test.

In conclusion, veterinarians of Lachine veterinary clinic recommend treating dogs preventively against heart worm, intestinal parasites, fleas and ticks, and outdoor cats against heart worm, intestinal parasites and fleas, at least once a month from June to November inclusively.

Fleas

Let’s now continue and talk about fleas . All animals that go outside should receive monthly medication to prevent flea infestations . Our animals get fleas by frequenting places that are contaminated with flea eggs . Your yard, under your balcony … In short, any place in which a stray cat , a skunk or a raccoon can go or get into , may be contaminated with flea eggs . In addition to being a major nuisance , fleas can transmit to your pets and mainly to cats , the infamous tapeworm …yikes!

In conclusion, veterinarians from veterinary clinic Lachine strongly suggest treating your dogs and outdoor cats , preventively, against heartworm , intestinal parasites and fleas , at least once a month from the month of June to November inclusively. And ideally, all year round.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team at the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

The return of ticks (Updated)

The nice weather has returned, well almost … and so are some of the inconveniences of summer.

Today we want to talk to you about an arachnid, the tick. In the late 70s, these critters were virtually nonexistent in Quebec. Parasitologists mainly warned us that they did exist, particularly south of the border and on the west coast. Things have changed! We now know that the tick is responsible for transmitting Lyme disease and can now complete its reproductive cycle in Quebec. More and more dogs are seen in consultation because of ticks.

Tick found on one of our patients.

Tick found on one of our patients.

For those who do not know, the tick feeds on the blood of his victims (mammals, birds, reptiles …), but not like the mosquito. The mosquito bites its victim, gets engorged with blood and leave after the meal is complete. Instead, the tick bites his victim and remains there for a long period of time. Particularly females who need a lot of blood in order to lay up to 3,000 eggs. The mouthparts of the tick are inserted into the skin of the victim and firmly hold the arachnid in place… the tick will not fall easily.

So the big question is… What should you do if you find a tick on our dog?

There is now evidence that the rapid removal of the tick is probably the best way to prevent the transmission of diseases. But the tick has to me removed correctly. Several tools are available for tick removal. Whichever you use, it is important to grasp the tick as close as possible to the skin. Thereafter, pull up with firm pressure, but constant (do not jerk it!). Once removed, it is necessary to clean the wound with disinfectant soap. Chlorhexidine is a good choice. Keep the tick in a dry container for identification.

Do not jerk, crush the tick or use your fingers to remove it. If you use a small pliers, it must be fine enough to capture the mouthparts without crushing the tick. If the mouthparts remain stuck in the skin, infection can occur.

If you have any doubt, give your veterinarian a call.

There are now ,new and safer tablets that prevent tick infestations and fleas in dogs. If ever you live in an environment where ticks are present, we strongly recommend that you  administer it to your dog during the tick season, ie from June to the end of November. But be careful! Products with permethrin (applied to the skin), which are still on sale, are very toxic to cats and should not be used in a home where dogs and cats live together. This is not the case for the new oral anti-tick and fleas product.

Lyme disease is surging in Quebec, veterinarians of Lachine veterinary clinic recommend you  test  your dog for this disease. This can be done at the same time as its heart worm test.

In conclusion, veterinarians of Lachine veterinary clinic recommend treating your dogs preventively against heart worm, intestinal parasites, fleas and ticks, and your outdoor cats against heart worm, intestinal parasites and fleas, at least once a month, from June to November inclusively.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team at the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

The feline AIDS by veterinarians of Lachine

Veterinarians of Lachine demystify feline AIDS.

Our kitties are usually reluctant to venture away from home when it’s cold and the temperature is gloomy. But when it starts to get beautiful, it’s another story. During the summer, veterinarians of Lachine notice that many cat owners let them go explore the neighborhood for very long periods. So these days, it is normal to see many more cats roaming our neighborhoods than say, during the winter. This practice exposes our cats to several infectious conditions as severe as car accidents. Remember that there is no vaccine against car bumpers !

a cat infected with HIV cannot infect humans or other animals.

A cat infected with HIV cannot infect humans or other animals.

Since the beginning of summer, veterinarians of Lachine have seen a sharp increase in bites, wounds and battle abscesses  in cats. In the vast majority of cases, these injuries are inflicted by other cats. Even neutered  part-time wonderers are considered by tomcats, as intruders. Particularly when females are in heat. They hunt and bite. In addition to the obvious injuries that can be imposed following a meeting of the “third kind”, a very harmful virus can also be transmitted through the saliva of infected cats.

In 1986, American researchers found that cats could suffer from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome similar to AIDS in humans. It is caused by a lentivirus (a subgroup of retroviruses similar to HIV).

FIV reaches the cat’s immune system. The virus lives in the blood of infected cats and remains in them throughout their lives system. Veterinarians of Lachine explains that infected cats can contaminate healthy cats when they come into contact  through bites. Cats infected with HIV can live without any signs for several years. Some cats appear healthy while others may have initial symptoms such as fever, loss of appetite, diarrhea, lethargy and swollen lymph. As the disease progresses, other symptoms may occur, such as weight loss, sores in and around the mouth, eye lesions, poor coat and a variety of chronic infections.

Where appropriate, the immune system becomes too weak to fight off other infections or diseases. This then results in death, triggered by a secondary infection.

Veterinarians of Lachine explain that FIV spreads mainly through bites because the virus is present in high concentrations in saliva. This is why  mainly unsterilized male cats are the main carriers of this virus. Cats that go outdoors are at greater risk of contracting the disease. The spread of FIV through water bowls or grooming equipment is unlikely. The virus is very fragile in the environment: it survives a few tens of minutes maximum. It is possible, but rare, for a mother to transmit the infection to her fetus.

 It is important to know that humans cannot become infected from infected cats and vice versa. The FIV and HIV are two retroviruses, it is true, but they are still different. It is said that the disease is species specific. So a cat infected with HIV cannot infect humans or other animals. A bit like rhinotracheitis in cats. This respiratory condition is caused by a herpes virus (well known in humans …), but can be transmitted to other animals and humans.

Tests are available to detect the disease ask the veterinarians of Lachine. Is euthanasia is the only option if your cat is FIV positive? Absolutely not! Many kitties will live perfectly normally for several years before showing signs of the disease. Where appropriate, veterinarians of Lachine will treat secondary infections caused by immunodeficiency.

A vaccine is now available to combat this disease. But its effectiveness is questioned by some American experts. Clinical studies conducted by researchers at the origin of the vaccine were nevertheless quite impressive …

Apart from vaccination, the best way to protect your cat against feline AIDS is the avoidance of contact with carriers of FIV cats. Veterinarians of Lachine know that many find  inhuman to keep a cat indoors, but it is a very good way to prevent the disease. It is also recommended to sterilize  cats  to help reduce fighting.

Any new cat that is adopted should be tested. This is especially important if other cats are already part of the family.

Talk to the veterinarians of Lachine.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

The abandonment of pets

It is well known, the true national sport of Quebecers is not hockey. It is moving.In about two weeks, all trucks in Quebec will be requisitioned for this annual chore. July 1st is a day to forget for motorists, motorcyclists and cyclists traveling in Montreal. Besides  regular roadwork and festivals clogging traffic , the additional moving trucks double parked everywhere ,won’t improve the situation. Fortunately, the bulk of all the moving being done is on July 1st, which is a holiday.

What scares us is that by the time everyone planning to move will be finished moving into their new homes,hundreds of pets will be abandoned by their owners.

What scares us is that by the time everyone planning to move will be finished moving into their new homes,hundreds of pets will be abandoned by their owners.

The reason we apprehend July 1st in this chronicle, is not because we are afraid of being caught in a traffic jam. What scares us is that by the time everyone planning to move will be finished moving into their new homes,hundreds of pets will be abandoned by their owners. A yearly event, that, is terrible.

According to recently published statistics, nearly 45% of Quebec households owns a pet, but on average, these animals are kept for two years …

We know and we are regularly reminded by the fact that organizations protect animals. But regardless,each year, thousands of pets are abandoned. And when moving season and the summer holidays approach, the situation escalates.

For many people who had not thought of that(moving,vacations etc,) before acquiring a pet, these two periods are often problematic.

To make matters worse, with the housing crisis raging in Quebec these days, landlords become increasingly picky and accept fewer tenants who own an animal.

The result is that many animals get abandoned, left on the street or are sent to a refuge, where most of the time they will eventually be euthanized.

How to avoid this carnage?

Before buying a pet, find a solution and plan your absences. There are several solutions: pension specialists, pet stores, veterinary clinics, family, friends. Many hotels even allow dogs. Simply search.

If unfortunately you must move into a home where pets are not allowed, two solutions  are available to you. The Quebec Society for Animal Welfare (SQDA) suggests that you  offer to pay a security deposit to the landlord. In this way, the future tenant ensures that in case of damage caused by his animal to the property, the landlord will be compensated.

If negotiations fail, you need to find a host family for your pet. Animals adapt very well to new families. Euthanasia is not a solution. And like most animals that are left in refuges are eventually euthanized, abandoning your pet in the various shelters across Quebec is not a solution. You should have thought this through. This is your pet, your responsibility.

What about people who do not even  bother to take their pet to the shelter and decide to abandon them in the street? Those people disgust me. A couple years ago, one of our clients, who was moving into her new apartment , found a box full of hungry kittens….

And unfortunately, abandoned animals are rarely sterilized, and therefore contribute in aggravating the problem of stray animal overpopulation.

We invite you to take  responsibility and show good citizenship. Do not let a beautiful season like summer, become an innocent animal’s nightmare.