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Every year for more than 30 years , the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association has organized Animal Life Week. This year, it will be held from October 1st to 7th .

This year’s theme highlights the five fundamental freedoms that animals need to survive and thrive.

This year’s theme is an opportunity to remind animal owners (not just pets) of the fundamentals they must provide to the animals entrusted to their care to ensure they lead a happy and healthy life.SEMAINE VIE ANIMALE

Even though many think they know the factors that can make a pet happy, it is good to be reminded of them from time to time and Animal Life Week is a good opportunity to do so.

What is the origin of the five freedoms?

According to the OIE (World Organization for Animal Health), animal welfare “refers to the way in which an animal evolves in the conditions that surrounds it”.

The OIE guidelines on animal welfare also refer to the universally recognized “five fundamental freedoms” laid down in 1965 to describe the rights of animals under human responsibility.

In 2002, at the request of its Member States (including Canada), and recognizing that animal health is a fundamental component of their well-being, the OIE expanded its mandate to include standards on the well- being.

The first OIE intergovernmental standards on animal welfare were published in 2005.

The standards adopted focus on the welfare of terrestrial animals and farmed fish in specific configurations.

They are regularly updated as scientific knowledge evolves.

OIE standards are adopted by consensus at the World Assembly of National Delegates of the OIE, which means that all Member States undertake to apply them at national level, disregarding each state’s cultural and economic situation.

The Five Animal Freedoms

Pet owners can protect the Five Animal Freedoms by:

  1. Providing appropriate nutrition

Prevent hunger and thirst by providing fresh water and food to ensure vigorous health.

  1. Providing appropriate socialization

Give the opportunity to spend time with or without members of their species according to their needs.

  1. Providing appropriate accommodation

Provide a suitable environment that includes a shelter and a comfortable rest area to avoid discomfort.

  1. Providing appropriate veterinary care

Promote the absence of pain, injury or illness through prevention or prompt diagnosis and treatment.

  1. Allowing animals to behave normally

Promote the ability to express normal behavior by providing adequate space, adequate facilities, tools and accessories, and by not punishing animals when they exhibit undesirable behavior.


You want your animals to be happy? You must then protect their five fundamental freedoms.

All provinces have organizations that promote and protect animal welfare. Most of these organizations are underfunded and require volunteers and donations. Do not hesitate to support them.

 Useful links

OIE Animal welfare


Canadian Veterinary Medical Association: Animal Health Week 2017


If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.




Do not forget them!

More than 150,000 cats and dogs will soon be moving with their owners. Unfortunately, a few thousands of them will also be abandoned in animal management centers, humane societies, shelters and veterinary clinics. Worse, some will simply be abandoned in homes or thrown to the streets, a situation that is vigorously denounced by the Veterinary Medical Association of Quebec ( small animal practice).

Cats and dogs are sensitive beings  who habits, routine and territory are of major importance. The day they are forced to leave their homes and settle in another environment, it is normal that they feel disturbed and stressed.

Everything must be put in place to minimize the negative effects of such disturbance. To help you better plan your move, the Association of Quebec veterinarians ( small animal practice) offers these tips:

– In the weeks before the move, contact your veterinarian to see if the coverage of your pet is up to date and its preventive medication against the various parasites is in order. If you move to another city, ask for your pet’s medical record. Take the opportunity to ask your former vet to recommend a new vet near your new home. Do not forget to renew your prescription drugs if you have a pet with special needs;thai-cat-1317846_960_720

– Do not forget to prepare a special box for your pet with toys, leash, his bowl, his food, his litter,  and his pillow. A box  that will be easily accessible. Do not take advantage of the move to  throw everything away! Keep objects that will reassure your animal like an old sweater, for example;

– Make sure you have enough food for your dog or cat, especially if it eats a special diet. Also purchase a transport cage, a good collar and a  good quality leash;

– If you believe that the day of big departure may be a bit chaotic, why not book a place immediately (your veterinarian, a pension, friends, family, a neighbor) in order to keep your cat or dog. Thus, you will have no need to worry. Place your pet, one or two day (s) before departure to avoid the hustle of the final preparations;

– Learn the laws of your new location for the number of animals allowed and the different responsibilities you must meet;

– Think of questioning the former owners, of your new home, to see if they had unwanted guests like rodents and or small animals lurking around. Never assume that the apartment is free of undesirable occupants. As a precaution, give your pets preventative treatments against internal and external parasites. Know that the smells of other animals are often persistent and can cause behavioral changes  in cats ( marking territory and not always going in the litter box) Make a good cleaning, especially carpets;

– By kindness, write  a note to the  future owner of your old home to show him that  a cat or dog lived there. They will be less surprised if one day, your dog or cat decides to run away and return to live in his previous home;

– During the move, always use a transport cage for cats and even small dogs;

– Be careful if your dog has a tendency to be anxious. The stress of the changes can cause mood swings and aggressive behavior. Some products available from your veterinarian can help reduce stress and promote adaptation. Do not hesitate to ask for advice;

– Beware of heat stroke, never leave your pet alone in a car or truck;

– Upon arrival, install your animals (especially cats) in a small room not too busy, or keep it in its cage until everything is completed. Make sure that there is no passages where the animal can run away. Scribble a note on the door saying not to let out the animal;

– Pay attention to indigestion or potential poisoning from products lying around or even leftover pizza !!! ;

– Be careful, a new environment can mean dangers of running away. Beware, for example, of open doors,  exhaust air dryer hoses or faulty fences. The animal may  be tempted to return to his former home;

– Some cats can hide and be afraid, while others explore everywhere. Beware of traps that await your pet as window sills, streets, pools, etc. Loss of appetite can also be observed for a few days, be careful and patient. However, if it persists more than 24 or 48 hours, contact a veterinarian. Let your cat or your dog time to tame the surroundings and to establish his little routine;

– Do not forget to put an identification collar and the new municipal medal for your pet to comply with  regulations and thus help find your pet in case he/she runs away. Permanent identification with a microchip is also strongly recommended and if it is already installed, do not forget to change the address in the database. This is your best guarantee for the safe return of your pet;

– In general, dogs are more resistant to removal than cats. Sometimes it’s the neighbors who have less tolerance for dogs than cats. So be aware of this, especially if your dog tends to bark or your cat to wander. Be respectful of the environment in order to establish a good neighborhood. It would also be nice to present them your neighbors to show them ‘what a good pet you have’.

– Make a visit at your new vet to get to know, the hours of operation and services offered, while opening a folder for your pet. Take the opportunity to transfer data from your old medical file and let them inform you about any prevention needs depending on the new environment.

If you practice these recommendations, you should be able to minimize the impact of the move on your pets and together, start a new stage in your life!

Translated from Source: Quebec Veterinary Medical Association in small animal practice

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

Dental Cleaning for your Pet

Professional dental cleaning is often indicated when periodontal disease is present. The veterinarians from the Lachine Veterinary Clinic are pleased to provide you with the appropriate information concerning the procedure.

Our own teeth are scaled by a dentist or hygienist – we sit in the chair and open our mouth when requested, letting the professional do their work. While the principles of good oral hygiene and dental health are the same for dogs and cats as for people, there are some significant differences. We understand why the procedure is important, and we typically do not need sedation or restraint. Neither is true for our pets. Another important difference between human and veterinary dental practice is that we tell the dentist when there is discomfort; to ensure that nothing is missed in dogs or cats, our patients require a thorough oral examination as part of a dental scaling procedure. Your veterinary dentist may recommend dental radiographs.animal-dog-pet-dangerous-large

Professional dental cleaning includes scaling and other steps described below.

Every professional dental cleaning starts with a review of the patient’s general health and any previous dental history. For a thorough, safe dental cleaning in veterinary patients, anesthesia is essential, as this permits a comprehensive assessment of the tissues, allows dental radiographs to be made when indicated, followed by the cleaning (scaling and polishing procedure) itself above and below the gum-line.

Non-anesthetic or Anesthesia-free dental scaling” is not recommended by AVDC


If the extent of the abnormality is limited to accumulation of plaque and dental tartar with gingivitis or only mild periodontitis (bone loss around the tooth), professional dental cleaning is indicated. The veterinary dentist will call the owner if additional abnormalities requiring attention are found.

Professional dental cleaning removes dental plaque and tartar that cause periodontal disease. The dental deposits are removed by power (ultrasonic) and hand dental scalers. Following scaling, the teeth are polished to remove residual plaque and to smooth the tooth surface (which delays deposition of plaque and tartar subsequently). The mouth is rinsed to remove debris prior to a final inspection. The pet owner will be provided with recommendations for daily home oral hygiene specific for dogs or cats, and a recommendation made for a follow-up examination.

Questions? Call us now! 514-634-4190.

American Veterinary Dental College


If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team of the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

The return of ticks (Updated)

The nice weather has returned, well almost … and so are some of the inconveniences of summer.

Today we want to talk to you about an arachnid, the tick. In the late 70s, these critters were virtually nonexistent in Quebec. Parasitologists mainly warned us that they did exist, particularly south of the border and on the west coast. Things have changed! We now know that the tick is responsible for transmitting Lyme disease and can now complete its reproductive cycle in Quebec. More and more dogs are seen in consultation because of ticks.

Tick found on one of our patients.

Tick found on one of our patients.

For those who do not know, the tick feeds on the blood of his victims (mammals, birds, reptiles …), but not like the mosquito. The mosquito bites its victim, gets engorged with blood and leave after the meal is complete. Instead, the tick bites his victim and remains there for a long period of time. Particularly females who need a lot of blood in order to lay up to 3,000 eggs. The mouthparts of the tick are inserted into the skin of the victim and firmly hold the arachnid in place… the tick will not fall easily.

So the big question is… What should you do if you find a tick on our dog?

There is now evidence that the rapid removal of the tick is probably the best way to prevent the transmission of diseases. But the tick has to me removed correctly. Several tools are available for tick removal. Whichever you use, it is important to grasp the tick as close as possible to the skin. Thereafter, pull up with firm pressure, but constant (do not jerk it!). Once removed, it is necessary to clean the wound with disinfectant soap. Chlorhexidine is a good choice. Keep the tick in a dry container for identification.

Do not jerk, crush the tick or use your fingers to remove it. If you use a small pliers, it must be fine enough to capture the mouthparts without crushing the tick. If the mouthparts remain stuck in the skin, infection can occur.

If you have any doubt, give your veterinarian a call.

There are now ,new and safer tablets that prevent tick infestations and fleas in dogs. If ever you live in an environment where ticks are present, we strongly recommend that you  administer it to your dog during the tick season, ie from June to the end of November. But be careful! Products with permethrin (applied to the skin), which are still on sale, are very toxic to cats and should not be used in a home where dogs and cats live together. This is not the case for the new oral anti-tick and fleas product.

Lyme disease is surging in Quebec, veterinarians of Lachine veterinary clinic recommend you  test  your dog for this disease. This can be done at the same time as its heart worm test.

In conclusion, veterinarians of Lachine veterinary clinic recommend treating your dogs preventively against heart worm, intestinal parasites, fleas and ticks, and your outdoor cats against heart worm, intestinal parasites and fleas, at least once a month, from June to November inclusively.

If you ever have any questions, do not hesitate to contact a member of the medical team at the Clinic (514-634-4190) who will be happy to assist you.

About the clinic: The Lachine Veterinary Clinic offers an unmatched and personalized service to pet owners from Lachine, LaSalle, Dorval and Pointe Claire, but also across the West Island of Montreal (West Island) and Laval, and has done so ,since 1982.

The abandonment of pets

It is well known, the true national sport of Quebecers is not hockey. It is moving.In about two weeks, all trucks in Quebec will be requisitioned for this annual chore. July 1st is a day to forget for motorists, motorcyclists and cyclists traveling in Montreal. Besides  regular roadwork and festivals clogging traffic , the additional moving trucks double parked everywhere ,won’t improve the situation. Fortunately, the bulk of all the moving being done is on July 1st, which is a holiday.

What scares us is that by the time everyone planning to move will be finished moving into their new homes,hundreds of pets will be abandoned by their owners.

What scares us is that by the time everyone planning to move will be finished moving into their new homes,hundreds of pets will be abandoned by their owners.

The reason we apprehend July 1st in this chronicle, is not because we are afraid of being caught in a traffic jam. What scares us is that by the time everyone planning to move will be finished moving into their new homes,hundreds of pets will be abandoned by their owners. A yearly event, that, is terrible.

According to recently published statistics, nearly 45% of Quebec households owns a pet, but on average, these animals are kept for two years …

We know and we are regularly reminded by the fact that organizations protect animals. But regardless,each year, thousands of pets are abandoned. And when moving season and the summer holidays approach, the situation escalates.

For many people who had not thought of that(moving,vacations etc,) before acquiring a pet, these two periods are often problematic.

To make matters worse, with the housing crisis raging in Quebec these days, landlords become increasingly picky and accept fewer tenants who own an animal.

The result is that many animals get abandoned, left on the street or are sent to a refuge, where most of the time they will eventually be euthanized.

How to avoid this carnage?

Before buying a pet, find a solution and plan your absences. There are several solutions: pension specialists, pet stores, veterinary clinics, family, friends. Many hotels even allow dogs. Simply search.

If unfortunately you must move into a home where pets are not allowed, two solutions  are available to you. The Quebec Society for Animal Welfare (SQDA) suggests that you  offer to pay a security deposit to the landlord. In this way, the future tenant ensures that in case of damage caused by his animal to the property, the landlord will be compensated.

If negotiations fail, you need to find a host family for your pet. Animals adapt very well to new families. Euthanasia is not a solution. And like most animals that are left in refuges are eventually euthanized, abandoning your pet in the various shelters across Quebec is not a solution. You should have thought this through. This is your pet, your responsibility.

What about people who do not even  bother to take their pet to the shelter and decide to abandon them in the street? Those people disgust me. A couple years ago, one of our clients, who was moving into her new apartment , found a box full of hungry kittens….

And unfortunately, abandoned animals are rarely sterilized, and therefore contribute in aggravating the problem of stray animal overpopulation.

We invite you to take  responsibility and show good citizenship. Do not let a beautiful season like summer, become an innocent animal’s nightmare.

Health insurance for dogs and cats

Did you know that you can buy health insurance for your dogs and cats?

Like their very own Medicare cards, pets can have health insurance. Unfortunately in Canada, only dogs and cats can benefit from this . There is a company that provides insurances for exotic animals and birds, but only for U.S.A residents.Too bad, because exotic animals (rabbits, ferrets, guinea pigs, reptiles …) and birds from every other country, are in dire need of this type of coverage.

These companies offer plans that also cover preventive care.

These companies offer plans that also cover preventive care.

Obviously, if you are able to put a certain amount of money every month (which varies depending on the company and the type of plan chosen) in a savings account, you do not need such insurance. But if your pet becomes seriously ill before you have managed to accumulate enough money to pay the bill in full, you may end up putting your finances at risk.

Several companies offer insurance for dogs and cats. For example, Petsecure® is very popular and enjoys a good reputation, but there are others.

These companies offer plans that also cover preventive care, such as annual exams, vaccinations, urine tests, stool tests, testing for heart worm, parasite treatments (heart worm, fleas, intestinal parasites) and even blood tests. Quickly, these benefits can become very interesting to any potential insurance buyer.

If you have at heart ,the health of your pet, but also want peace of mind, you should subscribe to such insurance. Here are two important points to consider if you are not convinced. Veterinary fees in Quebec have experienced adjustments in recent years ,and although they are still the lowest in Canada, they are now closer to those of other Canadian provinces. In addition, the range of services offered by your veterinarians has evolved greatly in recent years. Magnetic resonance, computed tomography (Scan), ultrasound, radiation, etc.. These tools and techniques can save lives, but can be expensive.

Each company offers plans that are similar in some respects and different in others. We suggest that you ask for estimates from several companies,in short,shop around . Another great idea is to talk to your veterinarian.

Adherence to such insurance offers the comfort of knowing that,if stricken with an illness, your pet will receive the care it needs without compromise.

Easter: Bunny, chocolate, flowers and company!

Who says Easter, says Easter Bunny. There are traces of the famous rabbit , even in antiquity, 3,500 years before Christ . Initially, we were talking about a hare , a symbol of abundance, growth and renewal that corresponded to the spring.

The tradition of associating the rabbit and eggs is of Germanic origin . Traders of the eighteenth century , had the idea to offer chocolate rabbit and eggs . Neat idea , especially after the privations of Lent. Legend has it that a poor man , too poor to offer treats to his children, had the idea of decorated eggs and to hide them in the garden before sending his children search for them . After seeing a rabbit, the children thought that it was he who had laid those colorful eggs.


It is never a good idea to offer pet rabbits as a gift!

The tradition has since been exported to the United States by German immigrants and there was born the famous Easter Bunny. The children made a nest in the garden hoping that the Easter bunny would fill it with eggs overnight. Traditionally, the egg was associated with germination , which takes place in the spring and the rabbit was a symbol of fertility.

Along with this tradition , another one is installed… Giving children baby rabbits for Easter . In Quebec , this tradition has been very popular after the Quiet Revolution. Unfortunately, this tradition has had a negative impact on the lives of these poor rabbits. They were very beautiful when they were small , but once the excitement of Easter past , the vast majority of these animals found themselves at the SPCA and most of them were then euthanized. How sad ! Some unscrupulous pet dealers would even dye rabbits ( and chicks too) to make them more attractive!

Fortunately, thanks to pressure from animal welfare organizations , the tradition was lost . Nowadays at Easter , serious pet stores avoid putting rabbits in evidence and some even give chocolate bunnies instead of live animals.

Does that mean that the rabbit is not a good pet ? Absolutely not! But give to give a live animal as a gift on specials days and occasions it is never a good idea.

That being said , here is a good description of the domestic rabbit .

It is a herbivorous mammal of the order of lagomorphs. Its upper jaw has two pairs of incisors that continually grow compared to rodents that have only one pair of incisors .

All strains of domestic rabbits , including the dwarf rabbit, come from a wild rabbit. Previously, it was said that the average life expectancy of a rabbit was 7 years. Nowadays , one can easily say that rabbits who are sterilized (especially females ) can easily double this longevity.

Contrary to what many people think , this is a very intelligent animal . It is very sweet, loving , sociable and easy to housebreak and rarely bites . Most rabbits we see even use a litter, such as cats.

A final word on Easter chocolate and flowers.

You will receive chocolate of all shapes and colors . Be careful! Chocolate can make your pets very sick . Some may even die. Make sure you make your chocolate inaccessible to your pets. Remember that the flair of our animals, especially our dogs, is quite better than ours .
The flowers are finally out in Quebec… In supermarkets! Some flowers can be dangerous to our pets, especially those of the lily family. For more information, visit Pet Poison Helpline. (http://www.petpoisonhelpline.com/pet-owners/basics/top-10-plants-poisonous-to-pets/)